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Clinical manifestations and outcome of Mpox infection in Qatar: An observational study during the 2022 outbreak

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submitted on 2023-11-22, 09:40 and posted on 2023-11-22, 11:12 authored by Ahmed Zaqout, Joanne Daghfal, Waqar Munir, Alaaeldin Abdelmajid, Soha S. Albayat, Mohammed Abukhattab, Muna A. Al-Maslamani

Mpox emerged in May 2022 as a global outbreak, mostly in hitherto non-endemic countries. To describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of mpox in Qatar, data were retrospectively retrieved for all laboratory-confirmed mpox cases diagnosed in Qatar between May and November 2022. Twelve cases were identified; of which 10 were males, and the median age was 33.5 years (IQR 24.5–37.5). Recent sexual exposure was reported in 9 patients, 6 of which were outside Qatar. Seven individuals reported exclusive heterosexual contact. Pleomorphic skin lesions were present in all cases, with anogenital involvement in 11. Fever (7/12) and lymphadenopathy (4/12) were relatively common. All cases were HIV-negative. The majority of cases had an uncomplicated and self-limiting clinical illness. In conclusion, the majority of early mpox infections in Qatar were purportedly acquired through heterosexual contact, primarily among middle-aged men. The clinical course was mostly uneventful. In the absence of active case finding and the mild and self-limiting nature of the clinical illness, undetected community transmission cannot be ruled out.

Other Information

Published in: Journal of Infection and Public Health
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2023.09.001

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Medical Corporation
  • Communicable Disease Center - HMC
  • Ministry of Public Health - State of Qatar

Geographic coverage

Qatar

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