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Raising awareness of menopause in Iran _ QScience Highlights.pdf (110.17 kB)

Raising awareness of menopause in Iran

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submitted on 2023-08-13, 07:51 and posted on 2023-09-26, 12:01 authored by Nature Research

Fewer than half of Iranian women have good awareness about the symptoms and complications of menopause and ways of preventing them, according to research published in the Journal of Local and Global Health Science . Menopause marks the end of a woman's fertility period, when the menstrual cycle stops. It occurs between the ages of 40 to 60, with symptoms such as hot flushes, night sweats, exhaustion and dizziness. It can also come with an increased risk for physical and mental health problems, including depression, vaginal infection, and weight gain. Sareh Bakouei of the Babol University of Medical Sciences, Iran, and her colleagues conducted a cross-sectional study of 220 women aged 40 years and older from three urban healthcare centers in Iran. The participants were divided into four groups, based on age, and asked to complete a questionnaire designed to assess their awareness of menopause. The questionnaire consisted of 13 questions about symptoms and complications, and 18 questions about their awareness of how to prevent them. These were all multiple choice questions, which required a response of “correct”, “incorrect” or, “I don't know”. According to their results, the vast majority of participants (85%) had read or heard something about the menopause, from relatives, friends, healthcare workers, books, and television or radio. Yet less than half of them had good awareness of these issues, based on the number of correct responses given. The study also found that there was a level of disparity in women’s awareness of issues of menopause related to their marital status, the number of children they have, their job, and their level of education and income. Women with one or two children had greater awareness than those with more than four. Those with a higher income and level of education had significantly greater awareness than those with average or low income and education. The results also showed that nearly two-thirds of the participants (60.5%) had no information about hormone replacement therapy, which can effectively alleviate menopausal symptoms. Based on these findings, the researchers conclude that it is important to raise Iranian women's awareness about the menopause, and especially to ensure that educational material reaches those from less privileged backgrounds.

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Published in: QScience.com Highlights, Published by Nature Research for Hamad bin Khalifa University Press (HBKU Press)
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Nature Research

Publication Year

  • 2015

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University

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