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Aneurysm screening in the emergency room could save lives _ QScience Highlights.pdf (111.02 kB)

Aneurysm screening in the emergency room could save lives

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submitted on 2023-08-14, 07:43 and posted on 2023-09-26, 08:11 authored by Nature Research

Practitioners at Beaumont Hospital in the United States conducted abdominal ultrasounds on 109 high-risk patients admitted to the emergency room over a ten-month period. Among the 90 patients whose ultrasound images qualified for the study, 8.9% were found to have abdominal aortic aneurysms. An aortic aneurysms is a widening, larger than three centimetres, in the body’s main oxygenating artery as it passes through the abdominal cavity. It often goes undetected until it ruptures, causing almost-sudden death. Death can be prevented if the aneurysm is detected early through screenings, says Laura Oritz, one of the co?authors of the study published in the Journal of Emergency Medicine Trauma & Acute Care . Patients chosen for ultrasound screening in the study presented to the emergency department with symptoms of sudden reduced blood flow to the heart including chest pain, shortness of breath and temporary loss of consciousness. They were also Caucasian, male, over 50 and had a history of smoking, representing a high-risk group for abdominal aortic aneurysm. “The emergency department serves almost as a primary care centre for a lot of patient populations,” says Oritz. Almost 80% of adults who visit the emergency department do so because they are uninsured and lack access to other options, according to estimates from a 2011 US National Health Interview Survey. The emergency department could fill an important screening gap for asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm in high-risk patients, especially since ultrasound is readily available in many emergency departments, emergency doctors are well trained in its use, and it is not time consuming, the team say. The prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm is about 1 to 2% in the general population. The study indicates an apparent higher prevalence of the condition among older male patients with a history of smoking who present to the emergency department with symptoms of heart attack. This makes this group ideal for potentially life-saving screening for abdominal aortic aneurysms, the team reports. Oritz recommends follow-up studies showing the efficacy of screening patients for the condition.

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Published in: QScience.com Highlights, Published by Nature Research for Hamad bin Khalifa University Press (HBKU Press)
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Nature Research

Publication Year

  • 2016

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University

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