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Transcriptomic Analyses Revealed Systemic Alterations in Gene Expression in Circulation and Tumor Microenvironment of Colorectal Cancer Patients

journal contribution
submitted on 2024-05-26, 11:20 and posted on 2024-05-26, 11:21 authored by Hibah Shaath, Salman Toor, Varun Sasidharan Nair, Eyad Elkord, Nehad M. Alajez

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is among the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide, underscoring a need for better understanding of the disease and development of novel diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic interventions. Herein, we performed transcriptome analyses on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), CRC tumor tissue and adjacent normal tissue from 10 CRC patients and PBMCs from 15 healthy controls. Up regulated transcripts from CRC PBMCs were associated with functions related to immune cell trafficking and cellular movement, while downregulated transcripts were enriched in cellular processes related to cell death. Most affected signaling networks were those involved in tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin signaling. The expression of selected immune-related genes from the RNA-Seq data were further validated using qRT-PCR. Transcriptome analysis of CRC tumors and ingenuity pathway analysis revealed enrichment in several functional categories related to cellular movement, cell growth and proliferation, DNA replication, recombination and repair, while functional categories related to cell death were suppressed. Upstream regulator analysis revealed activation of ERBB2 and FOXM1 networks. Interestingly, there were 18 common upregulated and 36 common downregulated genes when comparing PBMCs and tumor tissue, suggesting transcriptomic changes in the tumor microenvironment could be reflected, in part, in the periphery with potential utilization as disease biomarkers.

Other Information

Published in: Cancers
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers11121994

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

MDPI

Publication Year

  • 2019

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • College of Health and Life Sciences - HBKU
  • Qatar Biomedical Research Institute - HBKU
  • Cancer Research Center - QBRI