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Towards sustainable physiochemical and biological techniques for the remediation of phenol from wastewater: A review on current applications and removal mechanisms

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Version 2 2023-10-22, 10:57
Version 1 2023-07-06, 13:04
journal contribution
revised on 2023-10-22, 10:55 and posted on 2023-10-22, 10:57 authored by Amina Bibi, Shazia Bibi, Mohammed Abu-Dieyeh, Mohammad A. Al-Ghouti

Phenol is a priority pollutant that presents a significant threat to human health and natural systems when discharged directly into the environment. Consequently, numerous technologies have been used and developed to eliminate phenol from wastewater streams. These technologies can be categorized into physical, chemical, and biological methods. While conventional treatment methods are highly efficient in phenol removal; some of these techniques are not environmentally friendly and others are expensive. Therefore, sustainable, and green technologies are being employed and taken into consideration in the treatment of phenol wastewater due to their effectiveness, affordability, and environmental compatibility. This review aims to highlight efficient green physiochemical and biological methods of water treatment and demonstrate the mechanisms of phenol removal in these technologies. Particular emphasis will be given to the use of low-cost adsorbents prepared from industrial and agricultural wastes for the efficient removal of phenol from wastewater as adsorption processes show the highest cost-effectiveness among all the treatment technologies. 

Other Information

Published in: Journal of Cleaner Production
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.137810 

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • College of Arts and Sciences - QU