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Towards real-time privacy-preserving video surveillance

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journal contribution
submitted on 2023-10-24, 05:02 and posted on 2023-10-24, 06:17 authored by Elmahdi Bentafat, M. Mazhar Rathore, Spiridon Bakiras

Video surveillance on a massive scale can be a vital tool for law enforcement agencies. To mitigate the serious privacy concerns of wide-scale video surveillance, researchers have designed secure and privacy-preserving protocols that obliviously match live feeds against a suspects’ database. However, existing approaches are very expensive in terms of computation and communication costs and, as a result, they do not scale well for ubiquitous deployment. To this end, we propose a general framework for privacy-preserving identification that operates by storing an encrypted version of the suspects’ database at the video cameras. We show that this approach (i) reduces the protocol to a single round of communication between the camera and the server and (ii) speeds up the computation times significantly through the use of input-independent precomputations. We apply our framework to two practical use-cases, namely, face and license plate number recognition. In addition to the identification result, our face recognition protocol discloses some trivial information to the database server; however, this information is not sufficient for the server to infer any meaningful characteristics about the underlying individuals. On the other hand, the license plate recognition protocol is provably secure and can also handle minor character recognition errors that often occur in such systems. We implemented working prototypes of both surveillance systems and our experimental results are very promising. In the case of face recognition, and for a database of 100 suspects, the online computation time at the camera and the server is 155 ms and 34 ms, respectively, while the online communication cost is only 12 KB. Similarly, for a database of 3000 entries, license plate recognition requires only 232 ms and 75 ms at the camera and the server, respectively, while the online communication cost is 375 KB.

Other Information

Published in: Computer Communications
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comcom.2021.09.009

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Year

  • 2021

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • College of Science and Engineering - HBKU