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Toward deep observation: A systematic survey on artificial intelligence techniques to monitor fetus via ultrasound images

journal contribution
submitted on 2024-04-24, 05:04 and posted on 2024-04-24, 05:04 authored by Mahmood Alzubaidi, Marco Agus, Khalid Alyafei, Khaled A. Althelaya, Uzair Shah, Alaa Abd-Alrazaq, Mohammed Anbar, Michel Makhlouf, Mowafa Househ

Several reviews have been conducted regarding artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to improve pregnancy outcomes. But they are not focusing on ultrasound images. This survey aims to explore how AI can assist with fetal growth monitoring via ultrasound image. We reported our findings using the guidelines for PRISMA. We conducted a comprehensive search of eight bibliographic databases. Out of 1269 studies 107 are included. We found that 2D ultrasound images were more popular (88) than 3D and 4D ultrasound images (19). Classification is the most used method (42), followed by segmentation (31), classification integrated with segmentation (16) and other miscellaneous methods such as object-detection, regression, and reinforcement learning (18). The most common areas that gained traction within the pregnancy domain were the fetus head (43), fetus body (31), fetus heart (13), fetus abdomen (10), and the fetus face (10). This survey will promote the development of improved AI models for fetal clinical applications.

Other Information

Published in: iScience
See article on publisher's website:



  • English



Publication Year

  • 2022

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • College of Science and Engineering - HBKU
  • Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar (-2015)
  • Sidra Medical and Research Center (-2018)