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Time course and magnitude of alpha-synuclein inclusion formation and nigrostriatal degeneration in the rat model of synucleinopathy triggered by intrastriatal α-synuclein preformed fibrils

journal contribution
submitted on 2024-05-26, 06:11 and posted on 2024-05-26, 06:12 authored by Joseph R. Patterson, Megan F. Duffy, Christopher J. Kemp, Jacob W. Howe, Timothy J. Collier, Anna C. Stoll, Kathryn M. Miller, Pooja Patel, Nathan Levine, Darren J. Moore, Kelvin C. Luk, Sheila M. Fleming, Nicholas M. Kanaan, Katrina L. Paumier, Omar M.A. El-Agnaf, Caryl E. Sortwell

Animal models that accurately recapitulate the accumulation of alpha-synuclein (α-syn) inclusions, progressive neurodegeneration of the nigrostriatal system and motor deficits can be useful tools for Parkinson's disease (PD) research. The preformed fibril (PFF) synucleinopathy model in rodents generally displays these PD-relevant features, however, the magnitude and predictability of these events is far from established. We therefore sought to optimize the magnitude of α-syn accumulation and nigrostriatal degeneration, and to understand the time course of both. Rats were injected unilaterally with different quantities of α-syn PFFs (8 or 16 μg of total protein) into striatal sites selected to concentrate α-syn inclusion formation in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc). Rats displayed an α-syn PFF quantity-dependent increase in the magnitude of ipsilateral SNpc inclusion formation at 2 months and bilateral loss of nigral dopamine neurons at 6 months. Unilateral 16 μg PFF injection also resulted in modest sensorimotor deficits in forelimb adjusting steps associated with degeneration at 6 months. Bilateral injection of 16 μg α-syn PFFs resulted in symmetric bilateral degeneration equivalent to the ipsilateral nigral degeneration observed following unilateral 16 μg PFF injection (~50% loss). Bilateral PFF injections additionally resulted in alterations in several gait analysis parameters. These α-syn PFF parameters can be applied to generate a reproducible synucleinopathy model in rats with which to study pathogenic mechanisms and vet potential disease-modifying therapies.

Other Information

Published in: Neurobiology of Disease
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nbd.2019.104525

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Year

  • 2019

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • Qatar Biomedical Research Institute - HBKU
  • Neurological Disorders Research Center - QBRI

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