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The Effect of Perceived Threats and Response Efficacy on Adaptation to Smog: An Instrumental Variables Design

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journal contribution
submitted on 2023-03-15, 08:05 and posted on 2023-03-15, 09:16 authored by Kaddour Mehiriz, Pierre Gosselin

Threats and response efficacyperceptions are core conceptsof the protection motivationtheory, and recent years have witnessed a considerable growth of research on the effect of thesefactors on adaptation to air pollution. However, few studies use appropriate designs to deal with endogeneity issues, a situation that raises serious questions on the validity of their findings. To overcome this problem, this study uses the instrumental variables method to test the effect of perceived threats and response efficacy on adaptation to smog episodes. The results of this study show that the conjunction of a moderate to high perception of threats with a high perception of response efficacy is positively associated with the adoption of the recommended behavior. The increase of perceived threats does not seem to have an effect on the behavior of individuals with low response efficacy perception. Moreover, change in perceived response efficacy does not lead to any change in the behavior of individuals with low threat perceptions. Concerning policy implications, this study suggests that smog warnings and health communication campaigns could be more effective if they provide accurate information simultaneously on air pollution level, its adverse effects, and advice on how to mitigate these effects.

Other Information

Published in: Risk Analysis
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  • English



Publication Year

  • 2021

Institution affiliated with

  • Doha Institute for Graduate Studies

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