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System biology approaches identified novel biomarkers and their signaling pathways involved in renal cell carcinoma with different human diseases

journal contribution
submitted on 2024-03-31, 09:24 and posted on 2024-03-31, 09:24 authored by Md. Saddam Hossen, Abdus Samad, Foysal Ahammad, Gabriel B.K. Sasa, Zhenggang Jiang, Xianfeng Ding

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a type of cancer that develops in the renal epithelium of the kidney. It is responsible for approximately 3% of adult malignancies, and 90–95% of neoplasms originate from the kidney. Advances in tumor diagnosis, innovative immune therapeutics, and checkpoint inhibitors-based treatment options improved the survival rate of patients with RCC accompanied by different risk factors. RCC patients with diabetes, hepatitis C virus (HCV), or obesity (OB) may have a comorbidity, and finding the risk factor for better clinical treatment is an urgent issue. Therefore, the study focused on network-based gene expression analysis approaches to learning the impact of RCC on other comorbidities associated with the disease. The study found critical genetic factors and signal transduction pathways that share pathophysiology and commonly use dysregulated genes of the illness. Initially, the study identified 385 up-regulated genes and 338 down-regulated genes involved with RCC. OB, chronic kidney disease (CKD), type 2 diabetes (T2D), and HCV significantly shared 28, 14, 5, and 3 genes, respectively. RCC shared one down-regulated gene versican (VCAN) with OB and HCV and one down-regulated gene oxidase homolog 2 (LOXL2) with OB and CKD. Interestingly, most of the shared pathways were linked with metabolism. The study also identified six prospective biomarkers, signaling pathways, and numerous critical regulatory and associated drug candidates for the disease. We believe that the discovery will help explain these diseases’ complicated interplay and aid in developing novel therapeutic targets and drug candidates.

Other Information

Published in: Bioscience Reports
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  • English


Portland Press Ltd.

Publication Year

  • 2022

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • College of Health and Life Sciences - HBKU