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Synthesis of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles with Different Shapes Through a Co-Precipitation Method and Their Application

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posted on 2022-11-22, 21:14 authored by Muneer M. Ba-Abbad, Abdelbaki Benamour, Dina Ewis, Abdul Wahab Mohammad, Ebrahim Mahmoudi

Magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) were successfully synthesized via co-precipitation method using ferric chloride and ferrous sulphate as the starting materials. The shape and the size of Fe3O4 NPs were controlled by using different types of additive including ammonium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide. The results revealed that by adding ammonium hydroxide, the particles attained a spherical shape with a uniform size. On the other hand, the shape of the particles turned from spherical to cubic using sodium hydroxide. The magnetic results showed that both samples attained hysteresis loop, which indicated that both samples have ferromagnetic behavior. In addition, Fe3O4 NPs with cubic shape showed higher adsorptive behaviour towards Congo red compared to spherical Fe3O4 NPs, which is attributed to the enhancement of their magnetic properties. The adsorption of Congo red onto cubic Fe3O4 NPs was best described by Langmuir isotherm model, while spherical Fe3O4 NPs followed Freundlich isotherm model.

Other Information

Published in: JOM
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
See article on publisher's website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11837-022-05380-3

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Springer Science and Business Media LLC

Publication Year

  • 2022

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University

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