Manara - Qatar Research Repository
Browse
1/1
2 files

Synthesis and growth mechanism of bamboo like N-doped CNT/Graphene nanostructure incorporated with hybrid metal nanoparticles for overall water splitting

journal contribution
submitted on 2023-10-08, 07:29 and posted on 2023-10-15, 05:09 authored by Anchu Ashok, Anand Kumar, Janarthanan Ponraj, Said A. Mansour

Herein, we report a melamine and metal-salt based pyrolysis technique for synthesizing metal encapsulated N-doped carbon nanotube (CNTs) in form of bamboo-like CNTs and multi walled CNTs (MWCNT). Sulfur doping during synthesis greatly influenced the physio-chemical properties of the material formed. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirms NiCo alloy (NiCo@CNT) formation that transformed into a hybrid NiCo/Co3Ni6S8/Co3O4 nanocomposite (NiCoS@CNT) in presence of sulfur. A detailed study was conducted on the mechanism of the formation of metal-encapsulated N-doped CNT structures from the polymerization of melamine. The unique NiCoS@CNT structure renders high specific surface area (232.2 m2/g), large pore volume (0.92 cm2/g), and high lattice defect with abundant oxygen vacancies resulting in excellent performance for OER and HER in alkaline medium. The hybrid catalyst requires over-potentials of 198 mV and 295 mV to deliver a current-density of 10 mAcm−2, respectively for HER and OER. A cell voltage of only 1.53 V was required to deliver a long-term stable current-density of 10 mAcm−2 for water splitting when NiCoS@CNT was used as both anode and cathode. Superior performance of NiCoS@CNT could be ascribed to high surface area, abundant active sites, fast charge-transfer rate, high pyridinic-N content and the presence of highly conductive CNT architecture.

Other Information

Published in: Carbon
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2020.08.047

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Year

  • 2020

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • College of Engineering - QU
  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute - HBKU

Usage metrics

    Qatar University

    Licence

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC