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Synergetic effects of dodecylamine-functionalized graphene oxide nanoparticles on antifouling and antibacterial properties of polysulfone ultrafiltration membranes

journal contribution
submitted on 2023-10-31, 10:23 and posted on 2023-10-31, 11:49 authored by Abedalkader Alkhouzaam, Hazim Qiblawey

The potential use of dodecylamine-functionalized graphene oxide (rGO-DDA) nanoparticles as an antifoulant and antibacterial nanofiller was investigated. GO and rGO-DDA were analyzed using Raman spectroscopy, FTIR, SEM, TEM, and TGA that all confirmed the successful functionalization of GO structure. Polysulfone (PSF) ultrafiltration membranes incorporating varied loadings of GO and rGO-DDA were then fabricated via phase inversion approach. All membranes were characterized in terms of chemical structure, morphology, hydrophilicity, porosity and mean pore size. Cross-section SEM images showed the distribution of GO and rGO-DDA between the pores and on the polymer walls. AFM results demonstrated that GO addition increased the roughness of membrane; while with rGO-DDA addition the surface became smoother. Pristine PSF and rGO-DDA based membranes exhibited similar hydrophilicity, while GO-based membranes exhibited higher hydrophilicity as revealed by contact angle measurements. Permeability, separation and antifouling experiments were performed in a cross-flow membrane setup and showed that flux decreases with the increase in GO and rGO-DDA concentration. rGO-DDA membranes showed higher antifouling and antibacterial performance compared to the pristine PSF and GO membranes. Neat PSF exhibited 65.4 % flux recovery ratio (FRR) against BSA that was increased to 86.9 % and 89.1 % with GO-0.1 and rGO-DDA-0.1, respectively. Against HA, FRR was improved from 87.8 % for neat PSF to 95.6 % and 99.3 % with GO-0.1 and rGO-DDA-0.1, respectively. Additionally, rGO-DDA membrane exhibited higher bacteriostatis rate (83.6 %) against H. aquamarina than GO membrane (62.9 %). Moreover, rGO-DDA nanoparticles exhibited excellent dispersibility in several solvents making them promising nanofillers for various membranes with high antifouling and antibacterial performance.

Other Information

Published in: Journal of Water Process Engineering
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Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library



  • English



Publication Year

  • 2021

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • College of Engineering - QU

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