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Surface microenvironment engineering of black V2O5 nanostructures for visible light photodegradation of methylene blue

journal contribution
submitted on 2023-11-01, 10:44 and posted on 2023-11-01, 11:43 authored by Ahmed Badreldin, Muhammad Danyal Imam, Yiming Wubulikasimu, Khaled Elsaid, Aya E. Abusrafa, Perla B. Balbuena, Ahmed Abdel-Wahab

Utilization of photocatalysis as a promising strategy for environmental and energy applications has been widely considered. Herein, we report a novel black V2O5 material (bV2O5) synthesized using a controllable and environmentally benign physicochemical reduction method. HRTEM, ESEM, EDX. Raman, XPS, XRD, and BET textural characterization, as well as computational density functional theory (DFT) techniques were employed to understand the chemical and electronic changes obtained through modulation of the surface microenvironment. DFT analyses reveal that tuning a high degree of surface oxygen vacancies considerably ameliorated visible light photoactivity of practically inactive pristine V2O5. The optimized bV2O5 sample yielded 92% photodegradation of 20 mg/L cationic methylene blue (MB) in 60 min under visible light irradiation – corresponding to a 58-fold increase in photodegradation efficiency over pristine V2O5. Neutral quinoline yellow (QY) and anionic methyl orange (MO) photodegradation were also investigated to examine the photocatalytic efficacy of bV2O5 for degradation of other organic contaminants with different charges. DFT calculations show a clear thermodynamic stability towards reduction of the predominant polar (001) facet at 1-coordinated oxygen surface site. A staggered (type-II) heterostructure between pristine and reduced V2O5 was determined from band edge positions which is believed to promote the enhancement in photoactivity of the reduced sample by offering favorable electron-hole separation and allowing both hydroxyl and superoxide radical formation. The mechanism behind the formation of surface defects on bV2O5 was proposed based on configurational changes.

Other Information

Published in: Journal of Alloys and Compounds
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2021.159615

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Year

  • 2021

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Texas A&M University at Qatar

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