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Surface Modification of Poly(lactic acid) Film via Cold Plasma Assisted Grafting of Fumaric and Ascorbic Acid

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submitted on 2024-07-02, 11:39 and posted on 2024-07-02, 11:40 authored by Asma Abdulkareem, Peter Kasak, Mohammed G. Nassr, Abdelrahman A. Mahmoud, Mahmoud Khatib A. A. Al-Ruweidi, Khalid J. Mohamoud, Mohammed K. Hussein, Anton Popelka

Plant-based materials have found their application in the packaging with a yearly growing production rate. These naturally biodegradable polymers are obtained from renewable and sustainable natural resources with reduced environmental impact and affordable cost. These materials have found their utilization in fully-renewable plant-based packaging products, such as Tetra Pak®-like containers, by replacing commonly-used polyethylene as the polymer component. Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) is one of the representative plant-based polymers because of its eco-friendliness and excellent chemical and mechanical properties. In this work, a PLA surface was modified by various food additives, namely ascorbic acid (ASA) and fumaric acid (FA), using plasma-initiated grafting reactions in order to improve the surface and adhesion properties of PLA. Various analytical and microscopic techniques were employed to prove the grafting process. Moreover, the improved adhesion of the modified PLA foil to aluminum (Al) foil in a laminate configuration was proven by peel resistance measurements. The peel resistance of modified PLA increased by 74% and 184% for samples modified by ASA and FA, respectively, compared with untreated PLA.

Other Information

Published in: Polymers
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym13213717

Funding

Qatar National Research Fund (NPRP13S-0123-200153), Plasma-enhanced nano-catalytic polyamide membrane systems that minimize fouling and concentration polarization.

Qatar National Research Fund (UREP22-076-1-011), Development of medical scaffolds with enhanced infection resistance using electrospinning/plasma technology.

Qatar University (IRCC-2020-004).

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

MDPI

Publication Year

  • 2021

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • Center for Advanced Materials - QU
  • College of Arts and Sciences - QU

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