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Super Neurons

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submitted on 2024-02-19, 11:44 and posted on 2024-02-19, 11:45 authored by Serkan Kiranyaz, Junaid Malik, Mehmet Yamac, Mert Duman, Ilke Adalioglu, Esin Guldogan, Turker Ince, Moncef Gabbouj

Self-Organized Operational Neural Networks (Self-ONNs) have recently been proposed as new-generation neural network models with nonlinear learning units, i.e., the generative neurons that yield an elegant level of diversity; however, like its predecessor, conventional Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), they still have a common drawback: localized (fixed) kernel operations. This severely limits the receptive field and information flow between layers and thus brings the necessity for deep and complex models. It is highly desired to improve the receptive field size without increasing the kernel dimensions. This requires a significant upgrade over the generative neurons to achieve the “non-localized kernel operations” for each connection between consecutive layers. In this article, we present superior (generative) neuron models (or super neurons in short) that allow random or learnable kernel shifts and thus can increase the receptive field size of each connection. The kernel localization process varies among the two super-neuron models. The first model assumes randomly localized kernels within a range and the second one learns (optimizes) the kernel locations during training. An extensive set of comparative evaluations against conventional and deformable convolutional, along with the generative neurons demonstrates that super neurons can empower Self-ONNs to achieve a superior learning and generalization capability with a minimal computational complexity burden. PyTorch implementation of Self-ONNs with super-neurons is now publically shared.

Other Information

Published in: IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computational Intelligence
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tetci.2023.3314658

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

IEEE

Publication Year

  • 2024

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • College of Engineering - QU