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Single-cell long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) transcriptome implicates MALAT1 in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) resistance to neoadjuvant chemotherapy

journal contribution
submitted on 2024-04-30, 08:30 and posted on 2024-04-30, 08:30 authored by Hibah Shaath, Radhakrishnan Vishnubalaji, Ramesh Elango, Shahryar Khattak, Nehad M. Alajez

Cumulative evidence suggests added benefit for neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in a subset of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients. Herein we identified the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) transcriptional landscape associated with TNBC resistance to NAC, employing 1758 single cells from three extinction and three persistence TNBC patients. Using Iterative Clustering and Guide-gene Selection (ICGS) and uniform manifold approximation and projection (UMAP) dimensionality reduction analysis, we observed single cells derived from each patient to largely cluster together. Comparing the lncRNA transcriptome from single cells through the course of NAC treatment revealed minimal overlap based on lncRNA transcriptome, suggesting substantial effects of NAC on lncRNA transcription. The differential analysis revealed upregulation of 202 and downregulation of 19 lncRNAs in the persistence group, including upregulation of five different transcripts encoding for the MALAT1 lncRNA. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated MALAT1 promoter deletion in BT-549 TNBC model enhanced sensitivity to paclitaxel and doxorubicin, suggesting a role for MALAT1 in conferring resistance. Mechanistically, whole transcriptome analysis of MALAT1-KO cells revealed multiple affected mechanistic networks as well as oxidative phosphorylation canonical and angiogenesis functional category. Interestingly, lncRNA profiling of MALAT1-depleted TNBC also revealed a number of altered lncRNAs in response to MALAT1 deletion, suggesting a reciprocal relationship between MALAT1 and a number of lncRNAs, including NEAT1, USP3-AS1, and LINC-PINT, in TNBC. Elevated expression of MALAT1, USP3-AS1, and LINC-PINT correlated with worse clinical outcomes in BC patients. Our data revealed the lncRNA transactional portrait and highlighted a complex regulatory network orchestrated by MALAT1 in the context of TNBC resistance to NAC therapy.

Other Information

Published in: Cell Death Discovery
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  • English


Springer Nature

Publication Year

  • 2021

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • College of Health and Life Sciences - HBKU
  • Qatar Biomedical Research Institute - HBKU
  • Cancer Research Center - QBRI

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