Manara - Qatar Research Repository
Browse
10.1111_jdi.13445.pdf (377.84 kB)

Simple risk score to screen for prediabetes: A cross‐sectional study from the Qatar Biobank cohort

Download (377.84 kB)
journal contribution
submitted on 2023-03-15, 08:05 and posted on 2023-03-15, 10:32 authored by Mostafa Abbas, Raghvendra Mall, Khaoula Errafii, Abdelkader Lattab, Ehsan Ullah, Halima Bensmail, Abdelilah Arredouani

Aims/Introduction

The progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes is preventable by lifestyle intervention and/or pharmacotherapy in a large fraction of individuals with prediabetes. Our objective was to develop a risk score to screen for prediabetes in the Middle East, where diabetes prevalence is one of the highest in the world.

Materials and Methods

In this cross-sectional, case–control study, we used data of 4,895 controls and 2,373 prediabetic adults obtained from the Qatar Biobank cohort. Significant risk factors were identified by logistic regression and other machine learning methods. The receiver operating characteristic was used to calculate the area under curve, cut-off point, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values. The prediabetes risk score was developed from data of Qatari citizens, as well as long-term (≥15 years) residents.

Results

The significant risk factors for the Prediabetes Risk Score in Qatar were age, sex, body mass index, waist circumference and blood pressure. The risk score ranges from 0 to 45. The area under the curve of the score was 80% (95% confidence interval 78–83%), and the cut-off point of 16 yielded sensitivity and specificity of 86.2% (95% confidence interval 82.7–89.2%) and 57.9% (95% confidence interval 65.5–71.4%), respectively. Prediabetes Risk Score in Qatar performed equally in Qatari nationals and long-term residents.

Conclusions

Prediabetes Risk Score in Qatar is the first prediabetes screening score developed in a Middle Eastern population. It only uses risk factors measured non-invasively, is simple, cost-effective, and can be easily understood by the general public and health providers. Prediabetes Risk Score in Qatar is an important tool for early detection of prediabetes, and can help tremendously in curbing the diabetes epidemic in the region.

Other Information

Published in: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdi.13445

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Wiley

Publication Year

  • 2020

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • Qatar Biomedical Research Institute
  • Qatar Computing Research Institute

Usage metrics

    Manara - Qatar Research Repository

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC