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10.1038_s41598-021-88086-x.pdf (1.2 MB)

Short term survival of critically ill COVID-19 Egyptian patients on assisted ventilation treated by either Dexamethasone or Tocilizumab

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-11-22, 21:17 authored by Alaa Rashad, Sherif Mousa, Hanaa Nafady-Hego, Asmaa Nafady, Hamed Elgendy

Tocilizumab (TCZ) and Dexamethasone are used for the treatment of critically ill COVID-19 patients. We compared the short-term survival of critically ill COVID-19 patients treated with either TCZ or Dexamethasone. 109 critically ill COVID-19 patients randomly assigned to either TCZ therapy (46 patients) or pulse Dexamethasone therapy (63 patients). Age, sex, neutrophil/ lymphocyte ratio, D-dimer, ferritin level, and CT chest pattern were comparable between groups. Kaplan–Meier survival analysis showed better survival in Dexamethasone group compared with TCZ (P = 0.002), patients didn’t need vasopressor at admission (P < 0.0001), patients on non-invasive ventilation compared to patients on mechanical ventilation (P<0.0001 ), and in patients with ground glass pattern in CT chest (P<0.0001 ) compared with those who have consolidation. Cox regression analysis showed that, TCZ therapy (HR = 2.162, 95% CI, 1.144–4.087, P <0.0001) compared with Dexamethasone group, higher neutrophil/Lymphocyte ratio (HR = 2.40, CI, 1.351–4.185, P = 0.003), lower PaO2/FiO2, 2 days after treatment, (HR = 1.147, 95% CI, 1.002–1.624, P < 0.0001) independently predicted higher probability of mortality. Dexamethasone showed better survival in severe COVID-19 compared to TCZ. Considering the risk factors mentioned here is crucial when dealing with severe COVID-19 cases.

Clinical trial registration No Nal protocol approved by Hospital Authorities, for data collection and for participation in CT04519385 (19/08/2020).

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Published in: Scientific Reports
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  • English


Springer Science and Business Media LLC

Publication Year

  • 2021

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Medical Corporation

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