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10.1109_access.2018.2873825.pdf (2.04 MB)

Security in Wireless Body Area Networks: From In-Body to Off-Body Communications

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journal contribution
submitted on 2023-08-22, 07:18 and posted on 2023-09-21, 08:11 authored by Muhammad Usman, Muhammad Rizwan Asghar, Imran Shafique Ansari, Marwa Qaraqe

Wireless body area networks (WBANs) play a vital role in shaping today's healthcare systems. Given the critical nature of a WBAN in one's health to automatically monitor and diagnose health issues, security and privacy of these healthcare systems need a special attention. In this paper, we first propose a novel four-tier architecture of remote health monitoring system and then identify the security requirements and challenges at each tier. We provide a concise survey of the literature aimed at improving the security and privacy of WBANs and then present a comprehensive overview of the problem. In particular, we stress that the inclusion of in vivo nano-networks in a remote healthcare monitoring system is imperative for its completeness. To this end, we elaborate on security threats and concerns in nano-networks and medical implants as well as we emphasize on presenting a holistic framework of an overall ecosystem for WBANs, which is essential to ensure end-to-end security. Lastly, we discuss some limitations of current WBANs.

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Published in: IEEE Access
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Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.



  • English



Publication Year

  • 2018

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • College of Science and Engineering - HBKU