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Reconfigurable Modular Platform for Prolonged Sensing of Toxic Gases in Particle Polluted Environments

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submitted on 2024-06-06, 06:48 and posted on 2024-06-06, 06:51 authored by Hamid Sadabadi, Ali Bostani, Amin S. Esmaeili

The prolonged sensing of toxic gases in polluted particles and harsh environments is a challenging task that is also in high demand. In this work, the proof of principle of a sensitive, low-cost, and low-maintenance reconfigurable platform for filter-free and continuous ammonia (NH3) sensing in polluted environments is simulated. The platform can be modified for the detection of various toxic gases and includes three main modules: a microfluidic system for in-line continuous dust filtering; a toxic gas adsorption module; and a low-frequency microwave split-ring resonator (SRR). An inertia-based spiral microfluidic system has been designed and optimized through simulation for the in-line filtration of small particles from the intake air. Zeolite Y is selected as the adsorbent in the adsorption module. The adsorption module is a non-metallic thin tube that is filled with zeolite Y powder and precisely fixed at the drilled through-hole into the 3D microwave system. For the sensing module, a low-frequency three-dimensional (3D) split-ring resonator is proposed and optimally designed. A microwave resonator continuously monitors the permittivity of zeolite Y and can detect small permittivity alterations upon the presence of ammonia in the intake air. The microwave resonator is optimized at a frequency range of 2.5–3 GHz toward the detection of ammonia under different ammonia concentrations from 400 to 2800 ppm. The microwave simulation results show a clear contrast of around 4 MHz that shifts at 2.7 GHz for 400 ppm ammonia concentration. The results show the proof of principle of the proposed microfluidic-microwave platform for toxic gas detection.


Other Information

Published in: Chemosensors
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/chemosensors9110328


The University of Doha for Science and Technology replaced the now-former College of the North Atlantic-Qatar after an Amiri decision in 2022. UDST has become and first national applied University in Qatar; it is also second national University in the country.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

MDPI

Publication Year

  • 2021

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This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • College of the North Atlantic - Qatar (-2022)
  • School of Engineering Technology and Industrial Trades - CNA-Q (-2022)
  • University of Doha for Science and Technology
  • College of Engineering and Technology - UDST

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