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Qatar genome: Insights on genomics from the Middle East

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submitted on 2023-03-13, 06:46 and posted on 2023-03-13, 09:24 authored by Hamdi Mbarek, Geethanjali Devadoss Gandhi, Senthil Selvaraj, Wadha Al‐Muftah, Radja Badji, Yasser Al‐Sarraj, Chadi Saad, Dima Darwish, Muhammad Alvi, Tasnim Fadl, Heba Yasin, Fatima Alkuwari, Rozaimi Razali, Waleed Aamer, Fatemeh Abbaszadeh, Ikhlak Ahmed, Younes Mokrab, Karsten Suhre, Omar Albagha, Khalid Fakhro, Ramin Badii, Said I. Ismail, Asma Althani, Qatar Genome Program Research Consortium

Despite recent biomedical breakthroughs and large genomic studies growing momentum, the Middle Eastern population, home to over 400 million people, is underrepresented in the human genome variation databases. Here we describe insights from Phase 1 of the Qatar Genome Program with whole genome sequenced 6047 individuals from Qatar. We identified more than 88 million variants of which 24 million are novel and 23 million are singletons. Consistent with the high consanguinity and founder effects in the region, we found that several rare deleterious variants were more common in the Qatari population while others seem to provide protection against diseases and have shaped the genetic architecture of adaptive phenotypes. These results highlight the value of our data as a resource to advance genetic studies in the Arab and neighboring Middle Eastern populations and will significantly boost the current efforts to improve our understanding of global patterns of human variations, human history, and genetic contributions to health and diseases in diverse populations.

Other Information

Published in: Human Mutation
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.24336

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Wiley

Publication Year

  • 2022

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar Foundation for Education Science and Community Development
  • Qatar University
  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar
  • Sidra Medical and Research Center
  • Hamad Medical Corporation

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