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Psychometric properties of the Arabic version of EPDS and BDI-II as a screening tool for antenatal depression: evidence from Qatar

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submitted on 2023-03-15, 11:52 and posted on 2023-07-13, 10:43 authored by Sarah Naja, Noora Al-Kubaisi, Mohamad ChehabMohamad Chehab, Ayman Al-Dahshan, Nada Abuhashem, Iheb Bougmiza

Objectives

The current study aimed to validate and determine the psychometric properties of the Arabic versions of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in Qatar.

Design

A cross-sectional study design was employed.

Setting

Antenatal care (ANC) clinics at nine primary healthcare centres.

Participants

Pregnant women (n=128) aged 15–46 years in different trimesters of pregnancy, attending the ANC clinics as well as capable of reading and writing in the Arabic language.

Results

A total of 128 participants were enrolled. On conducting the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, the EPDS showed a larger area under the curve at 0.951 than the BDI-II tool (0.912). Using Youden’s index, a score >13 on the EPDS (87% sensitivity, 90% specificity) and >19 on the BDI-II (96% sensitivity, 73% specificity) allowed for the greatest division between depressed and non-depressed participants.

Conclusion

To address the under-recognition of antenatal depression, physicians at primary healthcare centres in Qatar should be encouraged to utilise the EPDS to screen pregnant women seeking ANC services.

Other information

Published in: BMJ Open
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
See article on publisher's website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-030365

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

BMJ

Publication Year

  • 2019

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Medical Corporation
  • Medical Education - HMC
  • Primary Health Care Corporation

Geographic coverage

Qatar

Usage metrics

    Hamad Medical Corporation

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