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10.1109_access.2022.3167015.pdf (2.24 MB)

Privacy-Preserving Fog Aggregation of Smart Grid Data Using Dynamic Differentially-Private Data Perturbation

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journal contribution
submitted on 2023-08-31, 09:42 and posted on 2023-09-21, 08:52 authored by Fawaz Kserawi, Saeed Al-Marri, Qutaibah Malluhi

The edge of the smart grid has a massive number of power and resource-constrained interconnected devices. Mainly, smart meters report power consumption data from consumer homes, industrial buildings, and other connected infrastructures. Multiple approaches were proposed in the literature to preserve the privacy of consumers by altering the data via additive noise, masking, or other data obfuscation techniques. A significant body of work in the literature employs differential privacy methods with constraining predefined parameters to achieve the optimal trade-off between privacy and utility of the data. However, billing accuracy can be degraded by using such additive noise techniques. We propose a differentially-private model that perturbs data by adding noise obtained from a virtual chargeable battery, while maintaining billing accuracy. Our model utilizes fog-computing data aggregation with lightweight cryptographic primitives to ensure the authenticity and confidentiality of data generated by low-end devices. We describe our differentially-private model with flexible constraints and a dynamic window algorithm to maintain the privacy-budget loss in infinitely generated time-series data. Our experimental results show a possible decrease in data perturbation error by 51.7% and 61.2% for smart meters and fog-computing data aggregators perturbed data, respectively, compared to the commonly used Gaussian mechanism.

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Published in: IEEE Access
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Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.



  • English



Publication Year

  • 2022

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • College of Engineering - QU