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Prevalence of anxiety, sleep bruxism and temporomandibular disorders during COVID-19 in Qatari children and adolescents: a cross-sectional study

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submitted on 2024-01-16, 06:18 and posted on 2024-01-17, 06:02 authored by H. Nazzal, M. Baccar, T. Ziad, T. Al-Musfir, B. Al Emadi, M. Matoug-Elwerfelli, S. Narasimhan, Y. Khan, S. Reagu

Purpose

Understanding the impact of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic social restrictions on the lives of children and adolescents is of utmost importance to enable timely diagnosis and treatment. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of anxiety, sleep bruxism, temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and change in dietary and brushing habits and their association with COVID-19 social restrictions.

Methods

Parents of fit and healthy Qatari children and adolescents were recruited and interviewed by the research team, whereby validated questioners were used to assess the prevalence of children’s/adolescents’ anxiety, sleep bruxism and TMD. Furthermore, changes in dietary and brushing habits were also evaluated.

Results

A total of 199 parents of children and adolescents (mean age = 9.3 ± 3.2 years old) were included. Overall anxiety symptoms, sleep bruxism and TMD were evident in 29.6%, 5.7% and 23.1%, respectively. An increased consumption of food, sweets and worsening of brushing habits were evident in 51.8%, 62.8% and 31.2%, respectively.

Conclusion

Within the limitations of this study, pandemic-related social restrictions could result in elevated levels of anxiety, specifically, social phobia, amongst children and adolescents, which could inevitably lead to unwanted dental consequences.

Other Information

Published in: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40368-023-00847-6

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Springer Nature

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • Qatar University Health - QU
  • College of Dental Medicine - QU HEALTH
  • Hamad Medical Corporation
  • Hamad Dental Center - HMC
  • Weill Cornell Medicine - Qatar

Methodology

Parents of fit and healthy Qatari children and adolescents were recruited and interviewed by the research team, whereby validated questioners were used to assess the prevalence of children’s/adolescents’ anxiety, sleep bruxism and TMD. Furthermore, changes in dietary and brushing habits were also evaluated.

Geographic coverage

Qatar