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Prevalence and Potential Determinants of COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy and Resistance in Qatar: Results from a Nationally Representative Survey of Qatari Nationals and Migrants between December 2020 and January 2021

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submitted on 2023-06-25, 07:17 and posted on 2023-07-04, 05:16 authored by Salma M. Khaled, Catalina Petcu, Lina Bader, Iman Amro, Aisha Mohammed H. A. Al-Hamadi, Marwa Al Assi, Amal Awadalla Mohamed Ali, Kien Le Trung, Abdoulaye Diop, Tarek Bellaj, Mohamed H. Al-Thani, Peter W. Woodruff, Majid Alabdulla, Peter M. Haddad

Global COVID-19 pandemic containment necessitates understanding the risk of hesitance or resistance to vaccine uptake in different populations. The Middle East and North Africa currently lack vital representative vaccine hesitancy data. We conducted the first representative national phone survey among the adult population of Qatar, between December 2020 and January 2021, to estimate the prevalence and identify potential determinants of vaccine willingness: acceptance (strongly agree), resistance (strongly disagree), and hesitance (somewhat agree, neutral, somewhat disagree). Bivariate and multinomial logistic regression models estimated associations between willingness groups and fifteen variables. In the total sample, 42.7% (95% CI: 39.5–46.1) were accepting, 45.2% (95% CI: 41.9–48.4) hesitant, and 12.1% (95% CI: 10.1–14.4) resistant. Vaccine resistant compared with hesistant and accepting groups reported no endorsement source will increase vaccine confidence (58.9% vs. 5.6% vs. 0.2%, respectively). Female gender, Arab ethnicity, migrant status/type, and vaccine side-effects concerns were associated with hesitancy and resistance. COVID-19 related bereavement, infection, and quarantine status were not significantly associated with any willingness group. Absence of or lack of concern about contracting the virus was solely associated with resistance. COVID-19 vaccine resistance, hesitance, and side-effects concerns are high in Qatar’s population compared with those globally. Urgent public health engagement should focus on women, Qataris (non-migrants), and those of Arab ethnicity.

Other Information

Published in: Vaccines
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9050471

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

MDPI

Publication Year

  • 2021

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • Social and Economic Survey Research Institute - QU
  • College of Arts and Sciences - QU
  • Qatar University Health - QU
  • College of Health Sciences - QU HEALTH
  • College of Medicine - QU HEALTH
  • Ministry of Public Health - State of Qatar
  • Hamad Medical Corporation

Geographic coverage

Qatar