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Plastic waste impact and biotechnology: Exploring polymer degradation, microbial role, and sustainable development implications

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submitted on 2023-09-24, 05:11 and posted on 2023-10-15, 10:17 authored by Isra E. Gilani, Sami Sayadi, Nabil Zouari, Mohammad A. Al-Ghouti

The significant impact of plastic waste on ecosystems has raised concerns regarding its detrimental effects. This review examines the various types of synthetic and degradable plastics and explores the physiochemical properties of polymers during degradation. It delves into the management of plastic waste, considering both abiotic and biotic degradation mechanisms. Biotic degradation, including aerobic and anaerobic pathways, is also examined, with a specific focus on the role of microorganisms and their enzymes in facilitating biodegradation. The review further explores the biotechnological implications of plastic waste management, including gene manipulation, genetic modification, and the potential of anaerobic biotechnology. It emphasizes the importance of transitioning toward a circular economy and highlights the alignment of these efforts with sustainable development goals (SDGs). Overall, this review provides insights into the impact of plastic waste on the environment, explores degradation mechanisms, and discusses biotechnological approaches and sustainable practices aimed at addressing the challenges posed by plastic waste.

Other Information

Published in: Bioresource Technology Reports
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biteb.2023.101606

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • College of Arts and Sciences - QU

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