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Pilot testing of a novel integrated Multi Effect Distillation - Absorber compressor (MED-AB) technology for high performance seawater desalination

journal contribution
submitted on 2023-10-19, 08:17 and posted on 2023-10-19, 09:59 authored by Shahzada Aly, Jasir Jawad, Husnain Manzoor, Simjo Simson, Jenny Lawler, Abdel Nasser Mabrouk

This work presents a novel integration of Multi Effect Distillation with Absorption compressor (MED-AB) to reduce the energy consumption and unit water cost. The MED-AB pilot plant has been installed with a nominal capacity of 25 m3/day to validate the concept under a seawater salinity of 57,500 ppm (West of Qatar). Both pilot testing and the simulation results confirm the features of the novel design of the MED-AB process. Simulation of a commercial evaporator of 15 MIGD capacity showed that the specific energy consumption of the proposed MED-AB is calculated as 4.8 kWh/m3, which is 60% lower than the existing MED-TVC plant (13 kWh/m3). Compared to the traditional MED-TVC, the seawater feed and pumping power of MED-AB process is lower by 70% and 55%, respectively. The results confirm the minimization of the environmental impact of dumping thermal energy back into the sea and reduce the plant's capital investment, covering feed pumps size and the intake/outfall civil work. The levelized unit water cost of the MED-AB is calculated as 0.46 $/m3, which is 22% lower than that of a conventional MED-TVC desalination plant. The novel MED-AB technology would create a potential solution for the industrial applications of high salinity byproduct and solar desalination.

Other Information

Published in: Desalination
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2021.115388

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Year

  • 2022

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute - HBKU
  • College of Science and Engineering - HBKU