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Performance of Concrete Mixes Containing TBM Muck as Partial Coarse Aggregate Replacements

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submitted on 2024-06-25, 12:23 and posted on 2024-06-25, 12:23 authored by Ala Abu Taqa, Mohamed Al-Ansari, Ramzi Taha, Ahmed Senouci, Ghaleb M. Al-Zubi, Mohamed O. Mohsen

This study investigated the potential utilization of the TBM muck obtained from the Gold Line of the Doha Metro Project as a partial replacement of coarse aggregates in concrete mixes. First, the TBM muck particles were screened to coarse aggregate standard sizes. Then, concrete mixes were prepared using 0%, 25%, 50%, and 75% TBM muck replacement of coarse aggregates. The compressive and flexural strengths were determined for all mixes at 28 and 56 days. Moreover, the results obtained were validated using EDX analysis and SEM images. A t-statistical analysis did not show a significant impact of TBM muck usage on the compressive strength results of the concrete mixes. However, another t-statistical analysis showed that TBM muck replacement of coarse aggregates had adversely affected the flexural strength results. The EDX analysis indicated the presence of Na+ ions, which can replace the Ca2+ ions in the C-S-H gel, cause discontinuities of it, and hence reduce the strength at later ages. Finally, the SEM images showed that the ettringite and carbon hydroxide (C-H) contents in the mixes with TBM muck were higher than that of the control mix, while the C-S-H gel was less in such mixes.

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Published in: Materials
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Additional institutions affiliated with: Arab Center for Engineering Studies


Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

Qatar National Research Fund (PDRA 5-0228-19001).



  • English



Publication Year

  • 2021

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This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • College of Engineering - QU
  • Qatar Rail

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