Manara - Qatar Research Repository
Browse
10.1097gox.0000000000004790.pdf (1005.53 kB)

Parents of Children with Cleft Lip Exhibit Heightened Visual Attention to the Perioral Area

Download (1005.53 kB)
journal contribution
submitted on 2024-06-24, 12:41 and posted on 2024-06-24, 12:44 authored by Israa Abuelezz, Marwa K. Qaraqe, Mitchell A. Stotland

Background

Following high-quality surgical repair, children born with a cleft lip anomaly may still display lasting visual differences. We exposed control adults and parents of affected children to images of children with cleft deformity and compared their visual tracking patterns. The protocol investigated whether parental exposure to secondary cleft deformity heightens or diminishes visual attraction to this type of structural facial variation.

Method

Twenty participants (10 control adults, 10 parents of affected children) assessed 40 colored images of children's faces while their eye movements were tracked. Twenty-four control images and 16 repaired cleft lip images were displayed to observers. Nine bilateral facial aesthetic zones were considered as regions of interest. Percentage of time visually fixating within each region, and statistical differences in fixation duration percentage between the two participant groups and across the bilateral regions of interest were analyzed.

Results

While both groups of observers directed more visual attention to the nasal and oral regions of the cleft images than control images, parents of children with cleft lip spent significantly more time fixating on these areas (25% and 24% of the time, respectively) than did unaffected adults (14.6% and 19.3%; P < 0.001).

Conclusions

These results demonstrate that parents of cleft lip children exhibit heightened attention to this type of facial difference relative to the naive observer. These findings highlight that observer profile can meaningfully influence the perception of a facial deformity. Awareness of this information may enhance communication between surgeon and parents of an affected child by providing added insight into parental perspective.

Other Information

Published in: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1097/gox.0000000000004790

Funding

Qatar National Research Fund (NPRP13S-0119-200108), Development of Novel Machine Learning Applications for the Assessment of Congenital and Acquired Facial Deformity and Reconstructive Surgical Outcomes.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Wolters Kluwer

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Sidra Medicine
  • Weill Cornell Medicine - Qatar
  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • College of Science and Engineering - HBKU

Methodology

Twenty participants (10 control adults, 10 parents of affected children) assessed 40 colored images of children's faces while their eye movements were tracked. Twenty-four control images and 16 repaired cleft lip images were displayed to observers. Nine bilateral facial aesthetic zones were considered as regions of interest. Percentage of time visually fixating within each region, and statistical differences in fixation duration percentage between the two participant groups and across the bilateral regions of interest were analyzed.