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Stem Cells International - 2020 - Maacha - Paracrine Mechanisms of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in Angiogenesis.pdf (719.16 kB)

Paracrine Mechanisms of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in Angiogenesis

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submitted on 2024-07-04, 06:50 and posted on 2024-07-04, 06:51 authored by Selma Maacha, Heba Sidahmed, Shana Jacob, Giusy Gentilcore, Rita Calzone, Jean-Charles Grivel, Chiara Cugno

The role of the mesenchymal stromal cell- (MSC-) derived secretome is becoming increasingly intriguing from a clinical perspective due to its ability to stimulate endogenous tissue repair processes as well as its effective regulation of the immune system, mimicking the therapeutic effects produced by the MSCs. The secretome is a composite product secreted by MSC in vitro (in conditioned medium) and in vivo (in the extracellular milieu), consisting of a protein soluble fraction (mostly growth factors and cytokines) and a vesicular component, extracellular vesicles (EVs), which transfer proteins, lipids, and genetic material. MSC-derived secretome differs based on the tissue from which the MSCs are isolated and under specific conditions (e.g., preconditioning or priming) suggesting that clinical applications should be tailored by choosing the tissue of origin and a priming regimen to specifically correct a given pathology. MSC-derived secretome mediates beneficial angiogenic effects in a variety of tissue injury-related diseases. This supports the current effort to develop cell-free therapeutic products that bring both clinical benefits (reduced immunogenicity, persistence in vivo, and no genotoxicity associated with long-term cell cultures) and manufacturing advantages (reduced costs, availability of large quantities of off-the-shelf products, and lower regulatory burden). In the present review, we aim to give a comprehensive picture of the numerous components of the secretome produced by MSCs derived from the most common tissue sources for clinical use (e.g., AT, BM, and CB). We focus on the factors involved in the complex regulation of angiogenic processes.

Other Information

Published in: Stem Cells International
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/4356359

Funding

Qatar National Research Fund (NPRP12S-0304-190225), Mesenchymal Stromal Cells for Type 1 Diabetes: in vitro studies, characterization and biobanking for clinical use.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Hindawi

Publication Year

  • 2020

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Sidra Medicine