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PCF11, a Novel CD44-Downstream Transcriptional Target, Linking Its 3’-End Polyadenylation Function to Tumor Cell Metastasis

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journal contribution
submitted on 2023-06-05, 10:43 and posted on 2023-06-13, 04:48 authored by Maryam Al-Mansoob, Salma M. S. Ahmad, Allal Ouhtit

Breast Cancer (BC) is the most common and the major health issue in women worldwide. Metastasis, a multistep process, is the worst aspect of cancer and tumor cell invasion is the defining step. Tumor cell invasion requires cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), and alterations in CAMs is considered as an initiating event in metastasis. Among CAMs, CD44 is a large family of more than 100 isoform, and its precise function was initially controversial in BC. Therefore, we have previously established a (Tet)-off inducible expression system of CD44 in MCF-7 primary BC cell line, and showed that CD44 promoted BC invasion/ metastasis both in vitro and in vivo. A microarray gene expression profiling revealed more than 200 CD44-downstream potential transcriptional target genes, mediating its role in BC cell invasion and metastasis. Among these CD44-target genes, the Pre-mRNA cleavage complex 2 protein (PCF11) was upregulated upon the activation of CD44 by its major ligand hyaluronan (HA); This prompted us to hypothesize PCF11 as a potential novel transcriptional target of CD44-promoted BC cell invasion and metastasis. A large body of evidence from the literature supports our hypothesis that CD44 might regulate PCF11 via MAPK/ERK pathway. This review aims to discuss these findings from the literature that support our hypothesis, and further provide possible mechanisms linking CD44-promoted cell invasion through regulation of its potential target PCF11. 

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Published in: Frontiers in Oncology
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Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.



  • English



Publication Year

  • 2022

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This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • College of Arts and Sciences - QU

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