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10.1016_j.est.2024.111485.pdf (2 MB)

Optimizing microgrid efficiency: Coordinating commercial and residential demand patterns with shared battery energy storage

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journal contribution
submitted on 2024-05-15, 08:36 and posted on 2024-05-15, 08:36 authored by Mohammadreza Gholami, S.M. Muyeen, Shunfu Lin

The optimization of energy systems within a multi-microgrid framework, enriched by shared Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS), has emerged as a compelling avenue for enhancing the efficiency of distributed energy networks. In response to the increasing integration of BESS in modern energy systems, this study investigates the implications of incorporating BESS within connected residential-commercial Microgrids (MGs). Unlike previous studies that primarily focused on cost and reliability, this research fills a significant gap in the literature by investigating the optimization of load demands patterns. Specifically, we explore the impact of shared BESS on load demand patterns in commercial-residential MGs. The research introduces two innovative critical load metrics, peak-to-average ratio (PAR) and demand profile smoothness (DPS), to assess the influence of BESS on demand profiles. In addition, the study explores the integration of a Dynamic Thermal Rating (DTR) system, compared to traditional fixed thermal rating systems, to further optimize the performance and efficiency of connected residential-commercial MGs enriched by shared BESS. Three distinct case studies, each comprising a commercial MG (shopping mall, hotel, and office building) paired with a residential MG, were considered. Utilizing a Firefly Algorithm (FA) for optimization, the study determines the optimized BESS capacity for minimum total cost. The results highlight that the implementation of shared BESS, especially in collaboration between commercial and residential MGs, significantly reduces imported energy from the main grid, enhancing MG flexibility and resilience. While the economic benefits of shared BESS may not be substantial (up to 3.25 % cost reduction), the study underscores its contribution to more balanced and smoother load demand curves, with improvements in PAR (up to 15.63 %) and DPS (up to26.05 %). Moreover, considering DTR for transmission lines, instead of fixed thermal rating, improves the PAR and DPS up to 28.52 % and 41.06 % respectively. The findings of this study highlight the importance of considering load demand patterns in the design and operation of MGs and underscore the multifaceted benefits of shared BESS beyond economic considerations.

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Published in: Journal of Energy Storage
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Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.



  • English



Publication Year

  • 2024

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • College of Engineering - QU