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Neurocysticercosis presenting with oculomotor nerve palsy: Case report and literature review

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submitted on 2023-05-16, 09:09 and posted on 2023-05-16, 10:43 authored by Almurtada Razok, Maisa Ali, Abdullah Shams, Muhammad Zahid

Neurocysticercosis (NCC), a central nervous system infection caused by the cystic larvae of Taenia Solium, is endemic in many low-to-middle income countries.NCC is known to have a variety of presentations depending on the size and site of involvement including chronic headaches, seizures, hydrocephalus, and ischemic insults. NCC has also been rarely associated with cranial nerve palsies. We report the case of a 26-year-old Nepalese lady who presented with isolated left-sided oculomotor nerve palsy and was found to have midbrain NCC. She was treated with anthelminthic agents and corticosteroids which led to clinical improvement. NCC can present with a variety of focal neurological syndromes. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of NCC presenting with third cranial nerve palsy in the state of Qatar and the middle east. We also review the literature for other cases of NCC which presented with isolated oculomotor nerve palsy.

Other Information

Published in: IDCases
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idcr.2023.e01788

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Medical Corporation

Geographic coverage

Qatar

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