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10.1109_access.2021.3092840.pdf (3.66 MB)

Multimodal EEG and Keystroke Dynamics Based Biometric System Using Machine Learning Algorithms

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submitted on 2023-08-28, 11:32 and posted on 2023-09-24, 12:40 authored by Arafat Rahman, Muhammad E. H. Chowdhury, Amith Khandakar, Serkan Kiranyaz, Kh Shahriya Zaman, Mamun Bin Ibne Reaz, Mohammad Tariqul Islam, Maymouna Ezeddin, Muhammad Abdul Kadir

Electroencephalography (EEG) based biometric systems are gaining attention for their anti-spoofing capability but lack accuracy due to signal variability at different psychological and physiological conditions. On the other hand, keystroke dynamics-based systems achieve very high accuracy but have low anti-spoofing capability. To address these issues, a novel multimodal biometric system combining EEG and keystroke dynamics is proposed in this paper. A dataset was created by acquiring both keystroke dynamics and EEG signals simultaneously from 10 users. Each user participated in 500 trials at 10 different sessions (days) to replicate real-life signal variability. A machine learning classification pipeline is developed using multi-domain feature extraction (time, frequency, time-frequency), feature selection (Gini impurity), classifier design, and score level fusion. Different classifiers were trained, validated, and tested for two different classification experiments - personalized and generalized. For identification and authentication, 99.9% and 99.6% accuracies are achieved, respectively for the Random Forest classifier in 5 fold cross-validation. These results outperform the individual modalities with a significant margin (~5%). We also developed a binary template matching-based algorithm, which gives 93.64% accuracy 6X faster. The proposed method can be considered secure and reliable for any kind of biometric identification and authentication.

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Published in: IEEE Access
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Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.



  • English



Publication Year

  • 2021

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • College of Engineering - QU