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Molecular Classification of Breast Cancer Utilizing Long Non-Coding RNA (lncRNA) Transcriptomes Identifies Novel Diagnostic lncRNA Panel for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

journal contribution
submitted on 2024-05-23, 06:26 and posted on 2024-05-23, 06:26 authored by Hibah Shaath, Ramesh Elango, Nehad M. Alajez

Breast cancer remains the world’s most prevalent cancer, responsible for around 685,000 deaths globally despite international research efforts and advances in clinical management. While estrogen receptor positive (ER+), progesterone receptor positive (PR+), and human epidermal growth factor receptor positive (HER2+) subtypes are easily classified and can be targeted, there remains no direct diagnostic test for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), except for the lack of receptors expression. The identification of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and the roles they play in cancer progression has recently proven to be beneficial. In the current study, we utilize RNA sequencing data to identify lncRNA-based biomarkers associated with TNBC, ER+ subtypes, and normal breast tissue. The Marker Finder algorithm identified the lncRNA transcript panel most associated with each molecular subtype and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to validate the diagnostic potential (area under the curve (AUC) of ≥8.0 and p value < 0.0001). Focusing on TNBC, findings from the discovery cohort were validated in an additional two cohorts, identifying 13 common lncRNA transcripts enriched in TNBC. Binary regression analysis identified a four lncRNA transcript signature (ENST00000425820.1, ENST00000448208.5, ENST00000521666.1, and ENST00000650510.1) with the highest diagnostic power for TNBC. The ENST00000671612.1 lncRNA transcript correlated with worse refractory free survival (RFS). Our data provides a step towards finding a novel diagnostic lncRNA-based panel for TNBC with potential therapeutic implications.

Other Information

Published in: Cancers
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Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.



  • English



Publication Year

  • 2021

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • College of Health and Life Sciences - HBKU
  • Qatar Biomedical Research Institute - HBKU
  • Cancer Research Center - QBRI

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