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LocationSpark: In-memory Distributed Spatial Query Processing and Optimization

journal contribution
submitted on 2024-06-02, 06:59 and posted on 2024-06-02, 07:00 authored by Mingjie Tang, Yongyang Yu, Ahmed R. Mahmood, Qutaibah M. Malluhi, Mourad Ouzzani, Walid G. Aref

Due to the ubiquity of spatial data applications and the large amounts of spatial data that these applications generate and process, there is a pressing need for scalable spatial query processing. In this paper, we present new techniques for spatial query processing and optimization in an in-memory and distributed setup to address scalability. More specifically, we introduce new techniques for handling query skew that commonly happen in practice, and minimize communication costs accordingly. We propose a distributed query scheduler that uses a new cost model to minimize the cost of spatial query processing. The scheduler generates query execution plans that minimize the effect of query skew. The query scheduler utilizes new spatial indexing techniques based on bitmap filters to forward queries to the appropriate local nodes. Each local computation node is responsible for optimizing and selecting its best local query execution plan based on the indexes and the nature of the spatial queries in that node. All the proposed spatial query processing and optimization techniques are prototyped inside Spark, a distributed memory-based computation system. Our prototype system is termed LocationSpark. The experimental study is based on real datasets and demonstrates that LocationSpark can enhance distributed spatial query processing by up to an order of magnitude over existing in-memory and distributed spatial systems.

Other Information

Published in: Frontiers in Big Data
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fdata.2020.00030

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Frontiers

Publication Year

  • 2020

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • Qatar Computing Research Institute - HBKU
  • Qatar University
  • College of Engineering - QU
  • KINDI Center for Computing Research - CENG

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