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Ion Transporters, Channelopathies, and Glucose Disorders

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submitted on 2024-03-10, 06:19 and posted on 2024-03-10, 09:04 authored by Huseyin Demirbilek, Sonya Galcheva, Dogus Vuralli, Sara Al-Khawaga, Khalid Hussain

Ion channels and transporters play essential roles in excitable cells including cardiac, skeletal and smooth muscle cells, neurons, and endocrine cells. In pancreatic beta-cells, for example, potassium KATP channels link the metabolic signals generated inside the cell to changes in the beta-cell membrane potential, and ultimately regulate insulin secretion. Mutations in the genes encoding some ion transporter and channel proteins lead to disorders of glucose homeostasis (hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia and different forms of diabetes mellitus). Pancreatic KATP, Non-KATP, and some calcium channelopathies and MCT1 transporter defects can lead to various forms of hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia (HH). Mutations in the genes encoding the pancreatic KATP channels can also lead to different types of diabetes (including neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) and Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young, MODY), and defects in the solute carrier family 2 member 2 (SLC2A2) leads to diabetes mellitus as part of the Fanconi–Bickel syndrome. Variants or polymorphisms in some ion channel genes and transporters have been reported in association with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Other Information

Published in: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20102590

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

MDPI

Publication Year

  • 2019

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Sidra Medicine
  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • College of Health and Life Sciences - HBKU