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IoT‐based mock oxygenator for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation simulator

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journal contribution
submitted on 2023-03-15, 08:04 and posted on 2023-03-16, 06:00 authored by Aya Sayed, Yahya Alhomsi, Abdullah Alsalemi, Faycal Bensaali, Nader Meskin, Ali Ait Hssain

Background

Training is an essential aspect of providing high-quality treatment and ensuring patient safety in any medical practice. Because extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a complicated operation with various elements, variables, and irregular situations, doctors must be experienced and knowledgeable about all conventional protocols and emergency procedures. The conventional simulation approach has a number of limitations. The approach is intrinsically costly since it relies on disposable medical equipment (i.e., oxygenators, heat exchangers, and pumps) that must be replaced regularly due to the damage caused by the liquid used to simulate blood. The oxygenator, which oxygenates the blood through a tailored membrane in ECMO, acts as a replacement for the patient's natural lung. For the context of simulation-based training (SBT) oxygenators are often expensive and cannot be recycled owing to contamination issues.

Methods

Consequently, it is advised that the training process include a simulated version of oxygenators to optimize reusability and decrease training expenses. Toward this goal, this article demonstrates a mock oxygenator for ECMO SBT, designed to precisely replicate the real machine structure and operation.

Results

The initial model was reproduced using 3D modeling and printing. Additionally, the mock oxygenator could mimic frequent events such as pump noise and clotting. Furthermore, the oxygenator is integrated with the modular ECMO simulator using cloud-based communication technology that goes in hand with the internet of things technology to provide remote control via an instructor tablet application.

Conclusions

The final 3D modeled oxygenator body was tested and integrated with the other simulation modules at Hamad Medical Corporation with several participants to evaluate the effectiveness of the training session.

Other Information

Published in: Artificial Organs
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aor.14318

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Wiley

Publication Year

  • 2022

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • Hamad Medical Corporation

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