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10.1016_j.uclim.2023.101704.pdf (8.8 MB)

Investigation of urban heat island and climate change and their combined impact on building cooling demand in the hot and humid climate of Qatar

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submitted on 2024-02-01, 07:57 and posted on 2024-02-01, 07:58 authored by Athar Kamal, Ahmed Mahfouz, Nurettin Sezer, Ibrahim Galal Hassan, Liangzhu Leon Wang, Mohammad Azizur Rahman

Urban Heat Island (UHI) and climate change are two critical factors affecting the energy demand of buildings. However, the previous literature often overlooked the concurrent impacts of these factors, which leads to an erroneous estimation of the current and future energy demand of buildings. To address this issue, this paper investigates the UHI and climate change and their combined impacts on the current and future cooling demands of high-rise residential buildings in the hot and humid climate of Qatar. The impacts of UHI and climate change on the climatic conditions of the Marina district of Lusail City, Qatar, are evaluated using Urban Weather Generator (UWG) and World Weather Generator (WWG) tools, respectively, for 2050 and 2080. A total of eight weather sources, two for 2020 and six for 2050 and 2080, are compared to the weather data collected from the established local weather stations in the city. Two important methods are adopted to elaborate on the combined impact of the UHI and climate change on building cooling demand. In the first method (M1), the future weather file obtained from the Open Weather Map (OM) is processed by UWG for the UHI impact analysis and then by WWG for the climate change impact analysis, while in the second method (M2), the future weather file is first processed by WWG, followed by UWG. According to the results, for the hot and humid climate of Qatar, the cooling energy consumption of the high-rise residential building increases by 19% and 33.5% for 2050 and 2080, respectively, by the first method, and by 20% and 34.4% for 2050 and 2080, respectively by the second method. Both methods yield fairly similar results on the combined impact of UHI and climate change on building cooling demand in hot and humid climates. The findings of this study highlight the importance and necessity of considering UHI and climate change impact in building energy simulations to estimate the present and future energy demand of buildings accurately.

Other Information

Published in: Urban Climate
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.uclim.2023.101704

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Texas A&M University at Qatar

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