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Investigating the suitability of poly tetraarylphosphonium based anion exchange membranes for electrochemical applications

journal contribution
submitted on 2024-05-09, 08:01 and posted on 2024-05-09, 08:01 authored by Muthumeenal Arunachalam, Alessandro Sinopoli, Farida Aidoudi, Stephen E. Creager, Rhett Smith, Belabbes Merzougui, Brahim Aïssa

Anion exchange membranes (AEMs) are becoming increasingly common in electrochemical energy conversion and storage systems around the world (EES). Proton-/cation-exchange membranes (which conduct positive charged ions such as H+ or Na+) have historically been used in many devices such as fuel cells, electrolysers, and redox flow batteries. High capital costs and the use of noble metal catalysts are two of the current major disadvantages of polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM)-based systems. AEMs may be able to overcome the limitations of conventional PEMs. As a result, polymers with anion exchange properties have recently attracted a lot of attention due to their significant benefits in terms of transitioning from a highly acidic to an alkaline environment, high kinetics for oxygen reduction and fuel oxidation in an alkaline environment, and lower cost due to the use of non-precious metals. The aim of this research was to learn more about the development of a new AEM based on poly tetraarylphosphonium ionomers (pTAP), which has high ionic conductivity, alkaline stability, thermal stability, and good mechanical properties, making it a more cost-effective and stable alternative to conventional and commercial AEMs. A simple solution casting method was used to build novel anion exchange composite membranes with controlled thicknesses using the synthesized pTAP with polysulfone (PS). To ensure their suitability for use as an electrolyte in alkaline electrochemical systems, the composite membranes were characterized using FTIR, XRD, water uptake, ionic conductivity, and alkaline stability. At 40 °C, the PS/pTAP 40/60 percent membrane had a maximum ionic conductivity of 4.2 mS/cm. The thermal and mechanical stability of the composite membranes were also examined, with no substantial weight loss observed up to 150 °C. These findings pave the way for these membranes to be used in a wide variety of electrochemical applications.

Other Information

Published in: Scientific Reports
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-93273-x

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Springer Nature

Publication Year

  • 2021

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute - HBKU