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Investigating the association between dietary patterns and glycemic control among children and adolescents with T1DM

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submitted on 2024-02-22, 12:01 and posted on 2024-02-22, 12:01 authored by Reema Tayyem, Sara Zakarneh, Ghadir Fakhri Al-Jayyousi

Nutrition plays a critical role in managing diabetes, particularly in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). This study aimed to investigate the dietary patterns associated with glycemic control among Jordanian children and adolescents with T1DM. A total of 107 Jordanian children and adolescents with T1DM were enrolled (53 males and 54 females) in this cross-sectional study. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews using three valid and reliable questionnaires. The study revealed that only 25.7% of the participants had good glycemic control, while almost 51% had poor glycemic control. Overall, three dietary patterns were identified in this study: “High-Vegetables,” “Unhealthy,” and “High-Fruits.” The “High-Vegetables” dietary pattern showed a protective association in controlling glycated hemoglobin at the second and third tertiles (odds ratio, CI: 0.07 (0.005–0.826); 0.06 (0.005–0.741), respectively). The “High-Vegetables” dietary pattern showed a protective effect against poor glycemic control. Although the association between the “Unhealthy” and “High-Fruits” dietary patterns and poor glycemic control did not reach significance at the tertiles level, it is noteworthy that a significant P-trend of 0.018 and 0.012, respectively, was observed for both patterns. We encourage children and adolescents to incorporate an assortment of whole, unprocessed vegetables into their diet in appropriate amounts to help manage their glycemic control.

Other Information

Published in: Open Life Sciences
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1515/biol-2022-0758

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

De Gruyter

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • Qatar University Health - QU
  • College of Health Sciences - QU HEALTH

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