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Insertion Mutation in Tnfrsf11a Causes a Paget's Disease–Like Phenotype in Heterozygous Mice and Osteopetrosis in Homozygous Mice

journal contribution
submitted on 2024-05-14, 07:33 and posted on 2024-05-14, 07:33 authored by Nerea Alonso, Sachin Wani, Lorraine Rose, Rob J. van't Hof, Stuart H. Ralston, Omar M.E. Albagha

Early onset familial Paget's disease of bone (EoPDB), familial expansile osteolysis, and expansile skeletal hyperphosphatasia are related disorders caused by insertion mutations in exon 1 of the TNFRSF11A gene, which encodes receptor activator of nuclear factor κB (RANK) protein. To understand the mechanisms underlying these disorders, we developed a mouse model carrying the 75dup27 mutation which causes EoPDB. Mice heterozygous for the mutation (Tnfrsf11a75dup27/−) developed a PDB-like disorder with focal osteolytic lesions in the hind limbs with increasing age. Treatment of these mice with zoledronic acid completely prevented the development of lesions. Studies in vitro showed that RANK ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast formation and signaling was impaired in bone marrow cells from Tnfrsf11a75dup27/− animals, but that osteoclast survival was increased independent of RANKL stimulation. Surprisingly, Tnfrsf11a75dup27/75dup27 homozygotes had osteopetrosis at birth, with complete absence of osteoclasts. Bone marrow cells from these mice failed to form osteoclasts in response to RANKL and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) stimulation. This intriguing study has shown that in heterozygous form, the 75dup27 mutation causes focal osteolytic lesions in vivo reminiscent of the human disorder and extends osteoclast survival independently of RANKL signaling. In homozygous form, however, the mutation causes osteopetrosis due to failure of osteoclast formation and insensitivity to RANKL stimulation. © 2021 The Authors. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR)..

Other Information

Published in: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research
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  • English


Oxford University Press

Publication Year

  • 2021

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • College of Health and Life Sciences - HBKU

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