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10.1007_s12369-020-00626-z.pdf (3.13 MB)

Influence of Reaction Time in the Emotional Response of a Companion Robot to a Child’s Aggressive Interaction

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-11-22, 21:15 authored by Ahmad Yaser Alhaddad, John-John Cabibihan, Andrea Bonarini

The quality of a companion robot’s reaction is important to make it acceptable to the users and to sustain interactions. Furthermore, the robot’s reaction can be used to train socially acceptable behaviors and to develop certain skills in both normally developing children and children with cognitive disabilities. In this study, we investigate the influence of reaction time in the emotional response of a robot when children display aggressive interactions toward it. Different interactions were considered, namely, pickup, shake, drop and throw. The robot produced responses as audible sounds, which were activated at three different reaction times, namely, 0.5 s, 1.0 s, and 1.5 s. The results for one of the tasks that involved shaking the robotic toys produced a significant difference between the timings tested. This could imply that producing a late response to an action (i.e. greater than 1.0 s) could negatively affect the children’s comprehension of the intended message. Furthermore, the response should be comprehensible to provide a clear message to the user. The results imply that the designers of companion robotic toys need to consider an appropriate timing and clear modality for their robots’ responses.

Other Information

Published in: International Journal of Social Robotics
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  • English


Springer Science and Business Media LLC

Publication Year

  • 2020

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University

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