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Implications of the medication regimen complexity index score on hospital readmissions in elderly patients with heart failure: a retrospective cohort study

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submitted on 2024-02-21, 08:03 and posted on 2024-02-21, 08:04 authored by Asmaa Abdelbary, Rasha Kaddoura, Sara Al Balushi, Shiema Ahmed, Richard Galvez, Afif Ahmed, Abdulqadir J. Nashwan, Shaikha Alnaimi, Moza Al Hail, Salah Elbdri

Background

The likelihood of elderly patients with heart failure (HF) being readmitted to the hospital is higher if they have a higher medication regimen complexity index (MRCI) compared to those with a lower MRCI. The objective of this study was to investigate whether there is a correlation between the MRCI score and the frequency of hospital readmissions (30-day, 90-day, and 1-year) among elderly patients with HF.

Methods

In this single-center retrospective cohort study, MRCI scores were calculated using a well-established tool. Patients were categorized into high (≥ 15) or low (< 15) MRCI score groups. The primary outcome examined the association between MRCI scores and 30-day hospital readmission rates. Secondary outcomes included the relationships between MRCI scores and 90-day readmission, one-year readmission, and mortality rates. Multivariate logistic regression was employed to assess the 30- and 90-day readmission rates, while Kaplan-Meier analysis was utilized to plot mortality.

Results

A total of 150 patients were included. The mean MRCI score for all patients was 33.43. 90% of patients had a high score. There was no link between a high MCRI score and a high 30-day readmission rate (OR 1.02; 95% CI 0.99–1.05; p < 0.13). A high MCRI score was associated with an initial significant increase in the 90-day readmission rate (odd ratio, 1.03; 95% CI, 1.00-1.07; p < 0.022), but not after adjusting for independent factors (odd ratio, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.95–1.03; p < 0.487). There was no significant difference between high and low MRCI scores in their one-year readmission rate.

Conclusion

The study’s results indicate that there is no correlation between a higher MRCI score and the rates of hospital readmission or mortality among elderly patients with HF. Therefore, it can be concluded that the medication regimen complexity index does not appear to be a significant predictor of hospital readmission or mortality in this population.

Other Information

Published in: BMC Geriatrics
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12877-023-04062-2

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Springer Nature

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Medical Corporation
  • Heart Hospital - HMC
  • Communicable Disease Center - HMC

Methodology

In this single-center retrospective cohort study, MRCI scores were calculated using a well-established tool. Patients were categorized into high (≥ 15) or low (< 15) MRCI score groups. The primary outcome examined the association between MRCI scores and 30-day hospital readmission rates. Secondary outcomes included the relationships between MRCI scores and 90-day readmission, one-year readmission, and mortality rates. Multivariate logistic regression was employed to assess the 30- and 90-day readmission rates, while Kaplan-Meier analysis was utilized to plot mortality.

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