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Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism and chromosomal aberrations: clinical heterogeneity and implications on the health of elderly men, case series

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submitted on 2024-02-21, 10:34 and posted on 2024-02-21, 10:35 authored by Tarik Elhadd, Ahmad Majzoub, Charlotte Wilson, Laura McCreight, Muna S. Mohamed, Fiona C. Green, Andrew J. Collier


Hypogonadism in older men is often considered as late onset hypogonadism. However, this clinical condition results from primary testicular failure which could be of genetic origin with Klinefelter syndrome being the most common chromosomal abnormality associated with it.

Case presentation

We report a heterogeneous group of cases who were diagnosed with hypergonadotropic hypogonadism in their adulthood and were found to have rare chromosomal aberrations. All were elderly men (in their 70 s and 80 s) for whom the diagnosis was made during the evaluation of incidental symptoms suggestive of endocrinopathy. The first had hyponatremia; the other two had gynaecomastia and features of hypogonadism noted during admission for various acute medical problems. With respect to their genetic results; the first had a male karyotype with balanced reciprocal translocation between the long arm of chromosome 4 and the short arm of chromosome 7. The second case had a male karotype with one normal X chromosome and an isochrome for the short arm of the Y chromosome. The third case was an XX male with unbalanced translocation between the X & Y chromosomes with retention of the SRY locus.


Hypergonadotrophic hypogonadism in the elderly, may be due to chromosomal aberrations, resulting in heterogeneous and diverse clinical phenotypes. Vigilance must be exercised when seeing cases with subtle clinical findings. This report suggests that in selected cases of adult hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, chromosomal analysis may be indicated.

Other Information

Published in: BMC Endocrine Disorders
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Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.



  • English


Springer Nature

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Medical Corporation
  • Qatar Metabolic Institute - HMC
  • Weill Cornell Medicine - Qatar

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