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10.1038_s41598-023-36605-3.pdf (2.88 MB)

Hybrid model for precise hepatitis-C classification using improved random forest and SVM method

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submitted on 2024-01-04, 08:13 and posted on 2024-01-04, 08:17 authored by Umesh Kumar Lilhore, Poongodi Manoharan, Jasminder Kaur Sandhu, Sarita Simaiya, Surjeet Dalal, Abdullah M. Baqasah, Majed Alsafyani, Roobaea Alroobaea, Ismail Keshta, Kaamran Raahemifar

Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) is a viral infection that causes liver inflammation. Annually, approximately 3.4 million cases of HCV are reported worldwide. A diagnosis of HCV in earlier stages helps to save lives. In the HCV review, the authors used a single ML-based prediction model in the current research, which encounters several issues, i.e., poor accuracy, data imbalance, and overfitting. This research proposed a Hybrid Predictive Model (HPM) based on an improved random forest and support vector machine to overcome existing research limitations. The proposed model improves a random forest method by adding a bootstrapping approach. The existing RF method is enhanced by adding a bootstrapping process, which helps eliminate the tree’s minor features iteratively to build a strong forest. It improves the performance of the HPM model. The proposed HPM model utilizes a ‘Ranker method’ to rank the dataset features and applies an IRF with SVM, selecting higher-ranked feature elements to build the prediction model. This research uses the online HCV dataset from UCI to measure the proposed model’s performance. The dataset is highly imbalanced; to deal with this issue, we utilized the synthetic minority over-sampling technique (SMOTE). This research performs two experiments. The first experiment is based on data splitting methods, K-fold cross-validation, and training: testing-based splitting. The proposed method achieved an accuracy of 95.89% for k = 5 and 96.29% for k = 10; for the training and testing-based split, the proposed method achieved 91.24% for 80:20 and 92.39% for 70:30, which is the best compared to the existing SVM, MARS, RF, DT, and BGLM methods. In experiment 2, the analysis is performed using feature selection (with SMOTE and without SMOTE). The proposed method achieves an accuracy of 41.541% without SMOTE and 96.82% with SMOTE-based feature selection, which is better than existing ML methods. The experimental results prove the importance of feature selection to achieve higher accuracy in HCV research.

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Published in: Scientific Reports
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Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.



  • English


Springer Nature

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • College of Science and Engineering - HBKU

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