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Global, Regional, and National Cancer Incidence, Mortality, Years of Life Lost, Years Lived With Disability, and Disability-Adjusted Life-Years for 29 Cancer Groups, 1990 to 2017

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submitted on 2024-05-23, 09:44 and posted on 2024-05-23, 09:45 authored by Global Burden of Disease Cancer Collaboration, Christina Fitzmaurice, Degu Abate, Naghmeh Abbasi, Hedayat Abbastabar, Foad Abd-Allah, Omar Abdel-Rahman, Ahmed Abdelalim, Amir Abdoli, Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Abdishakur S. M. Abdulle, Nebiyu Dereje Abebe, Haftom Niguse Abraha, Laith Jamal Abu-Raddad, Ahmed Abualhasan, Isaac Akinkunmi Adedeji, Shailesh M. Advani, Mohsen Afarideh, Mahdi Afshari, Mohammad Aghaali, Dominic Agius, Sutapa Agrawal, Ayat Ahmadi, Elham Ahmadian, Ehsan Ahmadpour, Muktar Beshir Ahmed, Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari, Tomi Akinyemiju, Ziyad Al-Aly, Assim M. AlAbdulKader, Fares Alahdab, Tahiya Alam, Genet Melak Alamene, Birhan Tamene T. Alemnew, Kefyalew Addis Alene, Cyrus Alinia, Vahid Alipour, Syed Mohamed Aljunid, Fatemeh Allah Bakeshei, Majid Abdulrahman Hamad Almadi, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Ubai Alsharif, Shirina Alsowaidi, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Erfan Amini, Saeed Amini, Yaw Ampem Amoako, Zohreh Anbari, Nahla Hamed Anber, Catalina Liliana Andrei, Mina Anjomshoa, Fereshteh Ansari, Ansariadi Ansariadi, Seth Christopher Yaw Appiah, Morteza Arab-Zozani, Jalal Arabloo, Zohreh Arefi, Olatunde Aremu, Habtamu Abera Areri, Al Artaman, Hamid Asayesh, Ephrem Tsegay Asfaw, Alebachew Fasil Ashagre, Reza Assadi, Bahar Ataeinia, Hagos Tasew Atalay, Zerihun Ataro, Suleman Atique, Marcel Ausloos, Leticia Avila-Burgos, Euripide F. G. A. Avokpaho, Ashish Awasthi, Nefsu Awoke, Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Martin Amogre Ayanore, Henok Tadesse Ayele, Ebrahim Babaee, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Mojtaba Bagherzadeh, Eleni Bagli, Senthilkumar Balakrishnan, Abbas Balouchi, Till Winfried Bärnighausen, Robert J. Battista, Masoud Behzadifar, Meysam Behzadifar, Bayu Begashaw Bekele, Yared Belete Belay, Yaschilal Muche Belayneh, Kathleen Kim Sachiko Berfield, Adugnaw Berhane, Eduardo Bernabe, Mircea Beuran, Nickhill Bhakta, Krittika Bhattacharyya, Belete Biadgo, Ali Bijani, Muhammad Shahdaat Bin Sayeed, Charles Birungi, Catherine Bisignano, Helen Bitew, Tone Bjørge, Archie Bleyer, Kassawmar Angaw Bogale, Hunduma Amensisa Bojia, Antonio M. Borzì, Cristina Bosetti, Ibrahim R. Bou-Orm, Hermann Brenner, Jerry D. Brewer, Andrey Nikolaevich Briko, Nikolay Ivanovich Briko, Maria Teresa Bustamante-Teixeira, Zahid A. Butt, Giulia Carreras, Juan J. Carrero, Félix Carvalho, Clara Castro, Franz Castro, Ferrán Catalá-López, Ester Cerin, Yazan Chaiah, Wagaye Fentahun Chanie, Vijay Kumar Chattu, Pankaj Chaturvedi, Neelima Singh Chauhan, Mohammad Chehrazi, Peggy Pei-Chia Chiang, Tesfaye Yitna Chichiabellu, Onyema Greg Chido-Amajuoyi, Odgerel Chimed-Ochir, Jee-Young J. Choi, Devasahayam J. Christopher, Dinh-Toi Chu, Maria-Magdalena Constantin, Vera M. Costa, Emanuele Crocetti, Christopher Stephen Crowe, Maria Paula Curado, Saad M. A. Dahlawi, Giovanni Damiani, Amira Hamed Darwish, Ahmad Daryani, José das Neves, Feleke Mekonnen Demeke, Asmamaw Bizuneh Demis, Birhanu Wondimeneh Demissie, Gebre Teklemariam Demoz, Edgar Denova-Gutiérrez, Afshin Derakhshani, Kalkidan Solomon Deribe, Rupak Desai, Beruk Berhanu Desalegn, Melaku Desta, Subhojit Dey, Samath Dhamminda Dharmaratne, Meghnath Dhimal, Daniel Diaz, Mesfin Tadese Tadese Dinberu, Shirin Djalalinia, David Teye Doku, Thomas M. Drake, Manisha Dubey, Eleonora Dubljanin, Eyasu Ejeta Duken, Hedyeh Ebrahimi, Andem Effiong, Aziz Eftekhari, Iman El Sayed, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Shaimaa I. El-Jaafary, Ziad El-Khatib, Demelash Abewa Elemineh, Hajer Elkout, Richard G. Ellenbogen, Aisha Elsharkawy, Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Daniel Adane Endalew, Aman Yesuf Endries, Babak Eshrati, Ibtihal Fadhil, Vahid Fallah Omrani, Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Andrea Farioli, Farshad Farzadfar, Netsanet Fentahun, Eduarda Fernandes, Garumma Tolu Feyissa, Irina Filip, Florian Fischer, James L. Fisher, Lisa M. Force, Masoud Foroutan, Marisa Freitas, Takeshi Fukumoto, Neal D. Futran, Silvano Gallus, Fortune Gbetoho Gankpe, Reta Tsegaye Gayesa, Tsegaye Tewelde Gebrehiwot, Gebreamlak Gebremedhn Gebremeskel, Getnet Azeze Gedefaw, Belayneh K. Gelaw, Birhanu Geta, Sefonias Getachew, Kebede Embaye Gezae, Mansour Ghafourifard, Alireza Ghajar, Ahmad Ghashghaee, Asadollah Gholamian, Paramjit Singh Gill, Themba T. G. Ginindza, Alem Girmay, Muluken Gizaw, Ricardo Santiago Gomez, Sameer Vali Gopalani, Giuseppe Gorini, Bárbara Niegia Garcia Goulart, Ayman Grada, Maximiliano Ribeiro Guerra, Andre Luiz Sena Guimaraes, Prakash C. Gupta, Rahul Gupta, Kishor Hadkhale, Arvin Haj-Mirzaian, Arya Haj-Mirzaian, Randah R. Hamadeh, Samer Hamidi, Lolemo Kelbiso Hanfore, Josep Maria Haro, Milad Hasankhani, Amir Hasanzadeh, Hamid Yimam Hassen, Roderick J. Hay, Simon I. Hay, Andualem Henok, Nathaniel J. Henry, Claudiu Herteliu, Hagos D. Hidru, Chi Linh Hoang, Michael K. Hole, Praveen Hoogar, Nobuyuki Horita, H. Dean Hosgood, Mostafa Hosseini, Mehdi Hosseinzadeh, Mihaela Hostiuc, Sorin Hostiuc, Mowafa Househ, Mohammedaman Mama Hussen, Bogdan Ileanu, Milena D. Ilic, Kaire Innos, Seyed Sina Naghibi Irvani, Kufre Robert Iseh, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Farhad Islami, Nader Jafari Balalami, Morteza Jafarinia, Leila Jahangiry, Mohammad Ali Jahani, Nader Jahanmehr, Mihajlo Jakovljevic, Spencer L. James, Mehdi Javanbakht, Sudha Jayaraman, Sun Ha Jee, Ensiyeh Jenabi, Ravi Prakash Jha, Jost B. Jonas, Jitendra Jonnagaddala, Tamas Joo, Suresh Banayya Jungari, Mikk Jürisson, Ali Kabir, Farin Kamangar, André Karch, Narges Karimi, Ansar Karimian, Amir Kasaeian, Gebremicheal Gebreslassie Kasahun, Belete Kassa, Tesfaye Dessale Kassa, Mesfin Wudu Kassaw, Anil Kaul, Peter Njenga Keiyoro, Abraham Getachew Kelbore, Amene Abebe Kerbo, Yousef Saleh Khader, Maryam Khalilarjmandi, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Young-Ho Khang, Khaled Khatab, Amir Khater, Maryam Khayamzadeh, Maryam Khazaee-Pool, Salman Khazaei, Abdullah T. Khoja, Mohammad Hossein Khosravi, Jagdish Khubchandani, Neda Kianipour, Daniel Kim, Yun Jin Kim, Adnan Kisa, Sezer Kisa, Katarzyna Kissimova-Skarbek, Hamidreza Komaki, Ai Koyanagi, Kristopher J. Krohn, Burcu Kucuk Bicer, Nuworza Kugbey, Vivek Kumar, Desmond Kuupiel, Carlo La Vecchia, Deepesh P. Lad, Eyasu Alem Lake, Ayenew Molla Lakew, Dharmesh Kumar Lal, Faris Hasan Lami, Qing Lan, Savita Lasrado, Paolo Lauriola, Jeffrey V. Lazarus, James Leigh, Cheru Tesema Leshargie, Yu Liao, Miteku Andualem Limenih, Stefan Listl, Alan D. Lopez, Platon D. Lopukhov, Raimundas Lunevicius, Mohammed Madadin, Sameh Magdeldin, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Azeem Majeed, Afshin Maleki, Reza Malekzadeh, Ali Manafi, Navid Manafi, Wondimu Ayele Manamo, Morteza Mansourian, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Lorenzo Giovanni Mantovani, Saman Maroufizadeh, Santi Martini S. Martini, Tivani Phosa Mashamba-Thompson, Benjamin Ballard Massenburg, Motswadi Titus Maswabi, Manu Raj Mathur, Colm McAlinden, Martin McKee, Hailemariam Abiy Alemu Meheretu, Ravi Mehrotra, Varshil Mehta, Toni Meier, Yohannes A. Melaku, Gebrekiros Gebremichael Meles, Hagazi Gebre Meles, Addisu Melese, Mulugeta Melku, Peter T. N. Memiah, Walter Mendoza, Ritesh G. Menezes, Shahin Merat, Tuomo J. Meretoja, Tomislav Mestrovic, Bartosz Miazgowski, Tomasz Miazgowski, Kebadnew Mulatu M. Mihretie, Ted R. Miller, Edward J. Mills, Seyed Mostafa Mir, Hamed Mirzaei, Hamid Reza Mirzaei, Rashmi Mishra, Babak Moazen, Dara K. Mohammad, Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad, Yousef Mohammad, Aso Mohammad Darwesh, Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Hiwa Mohammadi, Moslem Mohammadi, Mahdi Mohammadian, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Milad Mohammadoo-Khorasani, Reza Mohammadpourhodki, Ammas Siraj Mohammed, Jemal Abdu Mohammed, Shafiu Mohammed, Farnam Mohebi, Ali H. Mokdad, Lorenzo Monasta, Yoshan Moodley, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Maryam Moossavi, Ghobad Moradi, Mohammad Moradi-Joo, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Farhad Moradpour, Lidia Morawska, Joana Morgado-da-Costa, Naho Morisaki, Shane Douglas Morrison, Abbas Mosapour, Seyyed Meysam Mousavi, Achenef Asmamaw Muche, Oumer Sada S. Muhammed, Jonah Musa, Ashraf F. Nabhan, Mehdi Naderi, Ahamarshan Jayaraman Nagarajan, Gabriele Nagel, Azin Nahvijou, Gurudatta Naik, Farid Najafi, Luigi Naldi, Hae Sung Nam, Naser Nasiri, Javad Nazari, Ionut Negoi, Subas Neupane, Polly A. Newcomb, Haruna Asura Nggada, Josephine W. Ngunjiri, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Leila Nikniaz, Dina Nur Anggraini Ningrum, Yirga Legesse Nirayo, Molly R. Nixon, Chukwudi A. Nnaji, Marzieh Nojomi, Shirin Nosratnejad, Malihe Nourollahpour Shiadeh, Mohammed Suleiman Obsa, Richard Ofori-Asenso, Felix Akpojene Ogbo, In-Hwan Oh, Andrew T. Olagunju, Tinuke O. Olagunju, Mojisola Morenike Oluwasanu, Abidemi E. Omonisi, Obinna E. Onwujekwe, Anu Mary Oommen, Eyal Oren, Doris D. V. Ortega-Altamirano, Erika Ota, Stanislav S. Otstavnov, Mayowa Ojo Owolabi, Mahesh P A, Jagadish Rao Padubidri, Smita Pakhale, Amir H. Pakpour, Adrian Pana, Eun-Kee Park, Hadi Parsian, Tahereh Pashaei, Shanti Patel, Snehal T. Patil, Alyssa Pennini, David M. Pereira, Cristiano Piccinelli, Julian David Pillay, Majid Pirestani, Farhad Pishgar, Maarten J. Postma, Hadi Pourjafar, Farshad Pourmalek, Akram Pourshams, Swayam Prakash, Narayan Prasad, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Rabiee, Navid Rabiee, Amir Radfar, Alireza Rafiei, Fakher Rahim, Mahdi Rahimi, Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Fatemeh Rajati, Saleem M. Rana, Samira Raoofi, Goura Kishor Rath, David Laith Rawaf, Salman Rawaf, Robert C. Reiner, Andre M. N. Renzaho, Nima Rezaei, Aziz Rezapour, Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Daniela Ribeiro, Luca Ronfani, Elias Merdassa Roro, Gholamreza Roshandel, Ali Rostami, Ragy Safwat Saad, Parisa Sabbagh

Importance

Cancer and other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are now widely recognized as a threat to global development. The latest United Nations high-level meeting on NCDs reaffirmed this observation and also highlighted the slow progress in meeting the 2011 Political Declaration on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases and the third Sustainable Development Goal. Lack of situational analyses, priority setting, and budgeting have been identified as major obstacles in achieving these goals. All of these have in common that they require information on the local cancer epidemiology. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study is uniquely poised to provide these crucial data.

Objective

To describe cancer burden for 29 cancer groups in 195 countries from 1990 through 2017 to provide data needed for cancer control planning.

Evidence Review

We used the GBD study estimation methods to describe cancer incidence, mortality, years lived with disability, years of life lost, and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). Results are presented at the national level as well as by Socio-demographic Index (SDI), a composite indicator of income, educational attainment, and total fertility rate. We also analyzed the influence of the epidemiological vs the demographic transition on cancer incidence.

Findings

In 2017, there were 24.5 million incident cancer cases worldwide (16.8 million without nonmelanoma skin cancer [NMSC]) and 9.6 million cancer deaths. The majority of cancer DALYs came from years of life lost (97%), and only 3% came from years lived with disability. The odds of developing cancer were the lowest in the low SDI quintile (1 in 7) and the highest in the high SDI quintile (1 in 2) for both sexes. In 2017, the most common incident cancers in men were NMSC (4.3 million incident cases); tracheal, bronchus, and lung (TBL) cancer (1.5 million incident cases); and prostate cancer (1.3 million incident cases). The most common causes of cancer deaths and DALYs for men were TBL cancer (1.3 million deaths and 28.4 million DALYs), liver cancer (572 000 deaths and 15.2 million DALYs), and stomach cancer (542 000 deaths and 12.2 million DALYs). For women in 2017, the most common incident cancers were NMSC (3.3 million incident cases), breast cancer (1.9 million incident cases), and colorectal cancer (819 000 incident cases). The leading causes of cancer deaths and DALYs for women were breast cancer (601 000 deaths and 17.4 million DALYs), TBL cancer (596 000 deaths and 12.6 million DALYs), and colorectal cancer (414 000 deaths and 8.3 million DALYs).

Conclusions and Relevance

The national epidemiological profiles of cancer burden in the GBD study show large heterogeneities, which are a reflection of different exposures to risk factors, economic settings, lifestyles, and access to care and screening. The GBD study can be used by policy makers and other stakeholders to develop and improve national and local cancer control in order to achieve the global targets and improve equity in cancer care.Other Information

Published in: JAMA Oncology
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoncol.2019.2996

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

American Medical Association

Publication Year

  • 2019

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Weill Cornell Medicine - Qatar
  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • College of Science and Engineering - HBKU
  • Hamad Medical Corporation

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