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Genetic Basis and Prognostic Value of Exercise QT Dynamics

journal contribution
submitted on 2024-05-14, 08:17 and posted on 2024-05-14, 08:18 authored by Stefan van Duijvenboden, Julia Ramírez, William J. Young, Borbala Mifsud, Michele Orini, Andrew Tinker, Patricia B. Munroe, Pier D. Lambiase

Background

Abnormal QT interval responses to heart rate (QT dynamics) is an independent risk predictor for cardiovascular disease in patients, but its genetic basis and prognostic value in a population-based cohort have not been investigated.

Methods

QT dynamics during exercise and recovery were derived in 56 643 individuals from UK Biobank without a history of cardiovascular events. Genome-wide association studies were conducted to identify genetic variants and bioinformatics analyses were performed to prioritize candidate genes. The prognostic value of QT dynamics was evaluated for cardiovascular events (death or hospitalization) and all-cause mortality.

Results

Heritability of QT dynamics during exercise and recovery were 10.7% and 5.4%, respectively. Genome-wide association studies identified 20 loci, of which 4 loci included genes implicated in mendelian long-QT syndrome. Five loci did not overlap with previously reported resting QT interval loci; candidate genes included KCNQ4 and KIAA1755 . Genetic risk scores were not associated with cardiovascular events in 357 882 unrelated individuals from UK Biobank. We also did not observe associations of QT dynamics during exercise and recovery with cardiovascular events. Increased QT dynamics during recovery was significantly associated with all-cause mortality in the univariate Cox regression analysis (hazard ratio, 1.09 [95% CI, 1.05–1.13], P =2.28×10 -5 ), but the association was not significant after adjusting for clinical risk factors.

Conclusions

QT interval dynamics during exercise and recovery are heritable markers but do not carry independent prognostic information for clinical outcomes in the UK Biobank, a population-based cohort. Their prognostic importance may relate to cardiovascular disease cohorts where structural heart disease or ischemia may influence repolarization dynamics. The strong overlap between QT dynamics and resting QT interval loci suggests common biological pathways; however, nonoverlapping loci suggests alternative mechanisms may exist that underlie QT interval dynamics.

Other Information

Published in: Circulation: Genomic and Precision Medicine
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1161/circgen.119.002774

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Wolters Kluwer

Publication Year

  • 2020

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • College of Health and Life Sciences - HBKU

Methodology

QT dynamics during exercise and recovery were derived in 56 643 individuals from UK Biobank without a history of cardiovascular events. Genome-wide association studies were conducted to identify genetic variants and bioinformatics analyses were performed to prioritize candidate genes. The prognostic value of QT dynamics was evaluated for cardiovascular events (death or hospitalization) and all-cause mortality.