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Friction stir extrusion of ultra-thin wall biodegradable magnesium alloy tubes — Microstructure and corrosion response

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submitted on 2023-09-05, 06:07 and posted on 2023-09-05, 06:08 authored by Vasanth C. Shunmugasamy, Eisha Khalid, Bilal Mansoor

Magnesium alloys are increasingly being considered for structural systems across different industrial sectors, including precision components of biomedical devices owing to their high specific strength and stiffness, biodegradability. For example, tubular devices such as coronary stents manufacture require defect-free, highquality tubes with thin walls (100 μm – 1 mm) as a precursor. Here, we have produced fully consolidated, structurally sound ultra-thin walled (~ 400 μm) AZ31 Mg alloy tubes by friction stir back extrusion (FSE) — a relatively new severe deformation process used typically to manufacture thick metallic tubes and rods. The tube cross-sectional microstructure was layered and consisted of a severely deformed stir zone with refined grains near the inner edge, a back-extruded zone with small grains near the outer edge, and a thermomechanically affected zone (TMAZ) with coarse grains develop within the central region. On the other hand, the inner tube surface microstructure had an average grain size of 4.1 ± 1.9 μm and a strong basal texture. In comparison, the outer tube surface microstructure was coarse, with an average grain size of 13.3 ± 6.4 μm with no preferred orientation. The microhardness variation along the tube wall thickness indicated the operation of multiple deformation paths during FSE. Upon exposure to Hank’s balanced salt solution at 37 ◦C, microgalvanic coupling resulting from the gradient through-the-thickness grain size and texture differences between the tube inner and outer surfaces, and residual strain arising from the FSE process, promoted a localized attack that preferentially initiated on the outer tube surface and progressed inwards. Static recovery induced by a short duration heat treatment at low temperature did not alter the microstructure but promoted a more general corrosion attack with a significantly reduced corrosion rate. Our results establish that FSE is a viable single-step process to manufacture ultra-thin Mg alloy tubes suitable for degradable precision tubular applications.

Other Information

Published in: Materials Today Communications
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mtcomm.2021.102129

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Year

  • 2021

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Texas A&M University at Qatar

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